Image of Robert E Lee
US Civil War
Generals
Image of Ulysses S Grant

Introduction and acknowledgment

This is a concise index to the Generals who fought on both sides of the US Civil War, and has been specifically prepared for the Internet. It is not meant to replace the several excellent biographies and encyclopedias which have been published in print form, and which contain much more information than is intended for this index.

In recent years, a number of people have put a lot of effort into creating entries in Wikipedia for individual General officers. If you're looking for more information about a particular person, that's the place to start.

The information here has been derived mainly from five publications - Ezra Warner's comprehensive works Generals in Gray and Generals in Blue, the Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil War, Mark Boatner's Civil War Dictionary, and Francis Heitman's Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903. Anyone wishing to know more about the General officers involved in the War should start there. Warner's books in particular have extensive bibliographical references and notes.

I've also been able to confirm a lot of information by using Dave Eicher's Civil War High Commands.

This index does not include Union officers who promoted to the grade of Brigadier General by brevet but not promoted further. I have a separate list of Brevet Generals together with a description of brevet promotions. However this index has been updated to include the dates of brevet promotions for the Union General officers included here.

Notes on the abbreviations and expressions used in the index entries are set out at the foot of this page.

I have also prepared a list of Frequently Asked Questions about Civil War Generals.

Corrections, comments, suggestions and criticisms are always welcomed (in that order) and should be sent to kwebb@grapevine.com.au.


Confederate

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T V W Y Z


Union

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z


Related information

West Point

Many Generals from both sides had previously attended the United States Military Academy. Here are lists of:


Notes on the Index entries

Pre-war profession
Although many Generals had distinguished records in the Mexican War, the entries indicate only whether they served in that conflict.

War service
This is meant to be chronological, and cover significant postings and battles in which the officer fought. The battle names used are those favored by the side involved - eg Sharpsburg for the Confederacy, Antietam for the Union.

In this index, the date for promotion to General grades differs between the Confederacy and the Union. For the Confederacy, it is that on which the promotion was notified, not the earlier date from which the promotion often took effect. For the Union, confirmation of promotions often took a long time and a large number of promotions were not confirmed by the Senate. For this reason, I have used the date of appointment rather than the date of confirmation. (This is the practice used by the Historical Register) However, it appears that Union generals were not known by their new rank until it had been confirmed. I would welcome discussion on this topic.

In parentheses after the battle names, the following abbreviations may appear:
w - wounded, mw - mortally wounded, k - killed, c - captured, s - surrendered.

Notes
These are used to provide a comment (in my opinion) of the General's career or some aspect of his performance, a note of his relationship to some other notable person, or some interesting(?) item of trivia.

On the Internet
These are links to further information available online.

Further reading
Where I could find them, I have included a number of books about the Generals, with an upper limit of five for any one person. These were found through a search of online catalogues, and come with no particular recommendation. I tried to find a balance between books written at various times since the War. Some may be out of print, but most will be found in major libraries.

Personal acknowledgements

I am indebted to George Hoemann of the University of Tennessee for hosting this index for many years. His American Civil War Homepage is an excellent collection of links to Civil War information. But, as all the best writers say, responsibility for errors and editorial decisions is mine alone.

Kerry Webb
Canberra
Australia


Last updated September 2010