Name HAGOOD, Johnson
Born February 21 1829, Barnwell SC
Died January 4 1898, Barnwell SC
Pre-War Profession Graduated The Citadel 1847, lawyer, planter, Brig. Gen. of state militia.
War Service 1861 Col. of 1st South Carolina Volunteers, Fort Sumter, First Manassas, South Carolina, July 1862 Brig. Gen., sent in 1864 to Petersburg, commanded Hagood’s Bde/Hoke’s Divn at Walthall Junction, Drewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor, Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Politician, governor, wrote memoirs.
Further reading
Hagood, Johnson Memoirs of the War of Secession 1910

Name HAMPTON, Wade
Born March 28 1818, Charleston SC
Died April 11 1902, Columbia SC
Pre-War Profession Politician, planter.
War Service 1861 raised the Hampton Legion - Col., First Manassas (w), Peninsula campaign, May 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Hampton’s Bde/Whiting's Divn at Seven Pines (w), commanded Hmapton’s Bde/Cavlary Divn at Sharpsburg, Chambersburg raid, Gettysburg (w), August 1863 Maj. Gen., commanded Hampton’s Divn/Cavalry Corps at Wilderness, commanded ANV Cavalry Corps following Stuart's death, Petersburg campaign, February 1865 Lt. Gen., South Carolina.
Post War Career Planter, governor, US senator.
Notes One of three Confederate Lt. Generals without prior military training, with Richard Taylor and Bedford Forrest
Further reading
Boykin, Edward Beefsteak Raid New York, Funk & Wagnalls 1960
Wellman, Manly Wade Giant in Gray : a biography of Wade Hampton of South Carolina Dayton OH, Morningside Bookshop 1980

Name HANSON, Roger Weightman "Old Flintlock"
Born August 27 1827, Clark Cty KY
Died January 4 1863, Murfreesboro KY
Pre-War Profession Mexican War, lawyer, politician, Col. in Kentucky State Guard.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 2nd Kentucky, Fort Donelson (c), exchanged after eight months, December 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded 4th Bde/1st Divn/Hardee’s Corps at Murfreesboro (mw).

Name HARDEE, William Joseph "Old Reliable"
Born October 12 1815, Camden Cty GA
Died November 6 1873, Wytheville VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1838, Mexican War, commandant of cadets at West Point, wrote textbook on tactics, resigned January 1861.
War Service June 1861 Brig. Gen., October 1861 Maj. Gen., commanded a brigade in Arkansas and Kentucky, corps command at Shiloh, Kentucky campaign, Murfreesboro, October 1862 Lt. Gen., Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta campaign, requested transfer after Hood replaced J E Johnston, commanded Dept of South Carolina Georgia and Florida, Savannah, Carolinas campaign, Bentonville.
Post War Career Planter.
Notes An outstanding corps commander.
Further reading
Hughes, Nathaniel Cheairs General William J. Hardee, old reliable Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press 1965

Name HARDEMAN, William Polk "Gotch"
Born November 4 1816, Williamson Cty TN
Died April 8 1898, Austin TX
Pre-War Profession War for Texas Independence, Mexican War.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 4th Texas Cavalry, Valverde, Lt. Col., Col., Red River campaign, Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, March 1865 Brig. Gen..
Post War Career Planter, inspector of railroads.
Further reading
Wilson, Francis W General William Polk (Old Gotch) Hardeman Luling TX, Plum Creek Press 1990

Name HARRIS, Nathaniel Harrison
Born August 22 1834, Natchez MS
Died August 23 1900, Malvern, England
Pre-War Profession Lawyer
War Service May 1861 organised the Warren Rifles - later in 19th Mississippi, Capt., Maj., Williamsburg, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Lt. Col., April 1863 Col., Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, January 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Harris’s Bde/Mahone's Divn at Spotsylvania, Petersburg, March 1865 commanded the inner defences of Richmond, Appomattox.
Post War Career Lawyer, railroad president, businessman.

Name HARRISON, James Edward
Born April 24 1815, Greenville District SC
Died February 23 1875, Waco TX
Pre-War Profession Politician.
War Service 1861 Lt. Col. of 15th Texas, Louisiana campaigns of 1863 and 1864, Col., December 1864 Brig. Gen. (in De Polignac's division).
Post War Career Prominent in local affairs.
Notes Brother of Thomas Harrison

Name HARRISON, Thomas
Born May 1 1823, Jefferson Cty AL
Died July 14 1891, Waco TX
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican War, politician, Capt. of volunteer militia.
War Service 1862 Capt. in 8th Texas Cavalry (Terry's Texas Rangers), November 1862 Col., Murfreesboro, commanded 2nd Bde/Wharton’s Cavalry Divn at Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Knoxville, commanded Harrison’s Bde/Hume’s Cavalry Divn in Atlanta campaign, Sherman's March to the Sea, January 1865 Brig. Gen., Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Judge.

Name HATTON, Robert Hopkins
Born November 2 1826, Steubenville OH
Died May 31 1862, Fair Oaks Station VA
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer, politician, US congressman.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 7th Tennessee, Cheat Mountain, Savage's Station, May 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Hatton’s Bde/G W Smith’s Divn at Seven Pines (k).

Name HAWES, James Morrison
Born January 7 1824, Lexington KY
Died November 22 1889, Covington KY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1845, Mexican War, French cavalry school at Saumur, resigned US army May 1861.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in Confederate Regular Army, Maj., elected Col. of 2nd Kentucky Cavalry but declined, March 1862 Brig. Gen. in command of all Western cavalry, Shiloh, relieved at own request to command a brigade under Breckenridge, Arkansas, Milliken's Bend, Galveston.
Post War Career Hardware merchant.

Name HAWTHORN, Alexander Travis
Born January 10 1825, Conecuh Cty AL
Died May 31 1899, Dallas TX
Pre-War Profession Lawyer
War Service 1861 Lt. Col. of 6th Arkansas, Col., Shiloh, Kentucky campaign, Murfreesboro, Fort Hindeman, February 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded a brigade in Churchill’s Divn in Red River campaign, Jenkins' Ferry.
Post War Career Fled to Mexico, Brazil, missionary work, returned to US 1868, Baptist minister.

Name HAYS, Harry Thompson
Born April 14 1820, Wilson Cty TN
Died August 21 1876, New Orleans LA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician, Mexican War.
War Service 1861 Col. of 7th Louisiana, First Manassas, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Port Republic (w), July 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Hays’ Bde/Ewell's division, Sharpsburg, commanded Hay’s Bde/Early's Divn at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania (w), Trans Mississippi.
Post War Career Appointed sheriff in 1866 but removed by Gen. Sheridan, lawyer.

Name H”BERT, Louis
Born March 13 1820, Iberville Parish LA
Died January 7 1901, St Martin Parish LA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1845, resigned 1847, planter, militia officer, politician, chief engineer of Louisiana.
War Service 1861 Col. of 3rd Louisiana, Wilson's Creek, Elkhorn Tavern (c), exchanged after two months, May 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded 2nd Bde/Little’s Divn at Iuka, Corinth, commanded Hebert’s Bde/Forney’s Divn at Vicksburg (s), exchanged, in charge of artillery around Fort Fisher NC.
Post War Career Newspaper editor, teacher.
Notes Cousin of Gen. P O Hebert

Name H”BERT, Paul Octave
Born December 12 1818, Iberville Parish LA
Died August 29 1880, New Orleans LA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1840 (1st in class), taught engineering at West Point, resigned 1845, Mexican War, planter, governor.
War Service 1861 Col. of 1st Louisiana, August 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded Dept of Texas, District of West Louisiana and Texas, District of Texas and Territory of Arizona, fought only at Milliken's Bend, commanded the Trans Mississippi at the end of the War.
Post War Career Engineer

Name HELM, Benjamin Hardin
Born June 2 1831, Bardstown KY
Died September 20 1863, Chickamauga GA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1851, resigned 1852, lawyer, politician.
War Service 1861 recruited 1st Kentucky Cavalry, October 1861 Col., March 1862 Brig. Gen., Baton Rouge expedition, commanded Helm’s Bde/Breckenridge’s Divn at Tullahoma, Chickamauga (mw).
Notes Married the half-sister of Mary Todd Lincoln.

Name HETH, Henry
Born December 16 1825, Chesterfield Cty VA
Died September 27 1899, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1847, frontier duty, Utah expedition, resigned 1861.
War Service 1861 Capt., Lt. Col. in 5th Virginia, Col. of 45th Virginia, January 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded a division in the Kentucky campaign, February 1863 joined ANV, commanded Heth’s Bde/Hill’s Divn at Chancellorsville, May 1863 Maj. Gen., commanded Heth’s Divn/III Corps at Gettysburg (w), Bristoe Station, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg, Appomattox.
Post War Career Insurance business, wrote memoirs.
Notes His division made first contact at Gettysburg, and he was inclined to be impetuous. He pronounced his name “Heeth”.
Further reading
Heth, Henry The memoirs of Henry Heth Westport CT, Greenwood Press 1974

Name HIGGINS, Edward
Born 1821, Norfolk VA
Died January 31 1875, San Francisco CA
Pre-War Profession Naval officer, officer on mail steamers.
War Service April 1861 Capt. in 1st Louisiana Artillery, Lt. Col. of 21st Louisiana, defended Forts Jackson and St Philip (c), exchanged soon after, commanded the 22nd Louisiana Artillery in the Vicksburg defences (s), exchanged, October 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded posts near Mobile, relieved of duty.
Post War Career Insurance agent, importer, steamship agent.

Name HILL, Ambrose Powell
Born November 9 1825, Culpeper VA
Died April 2 1865, Petersburg VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1847, Mexican War, Seminole war, resigned March 1861.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 13th Virginia, February 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded 1st Bde/Longstreet’s Divn at Williamsburg, May 1862 Maj. Gen., commanded Hill’s Light Division in Longstreet’s Command at Seven Days, Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, commanded Hill’s Light Divn/II Corps at Chancellorsville, May 1863 Lt. Gen., commanded III Corps at Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, Wilderness, North Anna, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, killed while rallying his troops after their line had been broken.
Notes Although a famous fighter early in the war, he did not perform well after being given Corps command.
Further reading
Hassler, William Woods A.P. Hill : Lee's forgotten general Richmond, Garret & Massie 1962

Name HILL, Benjamin Jefferson
Born June 13 1825, McMinnville TN
Died January 5 1880, McMinnville TN
Pre-War Profession Mercantile business, politician.
War Service 1861 Col. of 5th Tennessee Volunteers in the Provisional Army of Tennessee, September 1861 Col. of 35th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry in Confederate service, Shiloh, Richmond KY, Murfreesboro, Missionary Ridge, provost marshal of the Army of Tennessee, Atlanta campaign, command a cavlary brigade in Hood's Tennessee campaign, November 1864 Brig. Gen., Selma.
Post War Career Lawyer, businessman.

Name HILL, Daniel Harvey
Born July 12 1821, York District SC
Died September 24 1889, Charlotte NC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, Mexican War, resigned 1849, college professor, superintendent of North Carolina Military Institute.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 1st North Carolina, Big Bethel, July 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded the Left Wing at Yorktown, Williamsburg, March 1862 Maj. Gen., commanded Hill’s Divn in Longstreet's Command at Seven Pines, served under Jackson in the Seven Days, commanded Hill’s Divn in Jackson’s Command at South Mountain, Sharpsburg (where he was falsely accused of losing Special Order 191), commanded in North Carolina, Richmond defences, July 1863 appointed Lt. Gen. (never confirmed), commanded Hill’s Corps at Chickamauga, criticised Bragg who in turn unfairly accused Hill of delaying an attack, removed from command by President Davis, Petersburg, commanded Hill’s Divn at Bentonville.
Post War Career Editor (The Land We Love, The Southern Home), college president.
Notes 15 members of his West Point class became Civil war generals. He was brave but abrasive, and could have been used much more effectively for the Confederate cause.
Further reading
Bridges, Hal Lee's maverick general, Daniel Harvey Hill Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press 1991

Name HINDMAN, Thomas Carmichael
Born January 28 1828, Knoxville TN
Died September 28 1868, Helena AR
Pre-War Profession Mexican War, lawyer, politician, US congressman.
War Service 1861 raised 2nd Arkansas - Col., September 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded 1st Bde/III Corps at Shiloh , April 1862 Maj. Gen., commanded the Dept. of Trans Mississippi, replaced following public opposition to his imposition of martial law, Prairie Grove, reassigned at his own request to the Army of Tennessee, commanded Hindman’s Divn at Chickamauga (w), commanded Hindman’s Divn/Hood’s Corps in Atlanta campaign (w), unfit for further field duty.
Post War Career Moved to Mexico, returned 1868, lawyer, assassinated - probably as a result of his opposition to carpetbaggers.
Further reading
Nash, Charles Edward Biographical sketches of Gen. Pat Cleburne and Gen. T. C. Hindman, together with humorous anecdotes and reminiscences of the late Civil War Dayton OH, Press of Morningside Bookshop 1977
Neal, Diane Lion of the South : General Thomas C. Hindman Macon GA, Mercer University Press 1993

Name HODGE, George Baird
Born April 8 1828, Fleming Cty KY
Died August 1 1892, Longwood FL
Pre-War Profession US Naval Academy 1845, resigned 1850, lawyer, politician.
War Service 1861 Pvt in Confederate army, Confederate congressman, staff of Gen. Breckenridge, May 1863 Col., November 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. - not endorsed by Senate, commanded cavalry brigades under Wheeler and Forrest, August 1864 Brig. Gen. promotion resubmitted - not confirmed, commanded District of Southwest Mississippi and East Louisiana, charged with incompetency and cowardice - acquitted, relieved of command by Forrest.
Post War Career Lawyer, politician.

Name HOGG, Joseph Lewis
Born September 13 1806, Morgan Cty GA
Died May 16 1862, Corinth MS
Pre-War Profession Planter, Texas congressman, Mexican War, politician, lawyer.
War Service 1861 raised state troops, February 1862 Brig. Gen., went with his brigade to Corinth, died of dysentery.

Name HOKE, Robert Frederick
Born May 27 1837, Lincolnton NC
Died July 3 1912, Raleigh NC
Pre-War Profession Managed family businesses.
War Service 1861 2nd Lt. in 1st North Carolina, Maj., Lt. Col. of 33rd North Carolina, New Berne, Peninsula, August 1862 Col. of 21st North Carolina, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, commanded Trimble’s Bde/Ewell’s Divn at Fredericksburg, January 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Hoke’s Bde/Early's Divn at Chancellorsville (w), attacked the Plymouth NC garrison, April 1864 Maj. Gen., commanded Hoke’s Divn under Beauregard at Petersburg, Fort Fisher, Bentonville.
Post War Career Private business, railroad director.

Name HOLMES, Theophilus Hunter
Born November 13 1804, Sampson Cty NC
Died June 21 1880, Fayetteville NC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1829, frontier duty, Second Seminole War, Mexican War, garrison duty, resigned April 1861.
War Service 1861 organised state troops, June 1861 Brig. Gen. in Provisional Confederate Army, commanded Reserve Bde at First Manassas, October 1861 Maj. Gen., coastal defences in North Carolina, present at Malvern Hill but did not fight, July 1862 command of Trans Mississippi, October 1862 Lt. Gen. - superseded by Kirby Smith at his own request, commanded District of Arkansas, commanded state reserves in North Carolina.
Post War Career Farmer.

Name HOLTZCLAW, James Thadeus
Born December 17 1833, Henry Cty GA
Died July 19 1893, Montgomery AL
Pre-War Profession Lawyer
War Service 1861 Lt. in Montgomery True Blues, Maj. in 18th Alabama, Shiloh (w), Lt. Col., May 1863 Col., Chickamauga, Chattanooga, July 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Holtzclaw’s Bde/Clayton’s Divn in Atlanta campaign, Franklin and Nashville campaign, Mobile.
Post War Career Lawyer, railroad commissioner.

Name HOOD, John Bell
Born June 1 1831, Owingsville KY
Died August 30 1879, New Orleans LA
Pre-War Profession 1853 West Point, frontier duty with 2nd Cavalry, resigned April 1861.
War Service 1861 1st Lt. of cavalry, recruitment duty, Yorktown, May 1862 Brig. Gen. in command of the Texas Brigade, served under G W Smith in the Peninsula campaign, commanded Hood’s Bde/Whiting's Divn at Seven Days, commanded Hood’s Bde/Evans' Divn at Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, October 1862 Maj. Gen., commanded Hood’s Divn/Longstreet's Corps, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg (w), Chickamauga (w), leg amputated, February 1864 Lt. Gen., commanded Hood’s Corps in Atlanta campaign, schemed to replace Johnston, ordered to replace Johnston at Atlanta with temporary rank of General, Jonesboro, Franklin, Nashville, January 1865 relieved at his own request.
Post War Career Unsuccessful businessman, wrote memoirs, died of yellow fever.
Notes A rash fighter, he performed well in subordinate roles, but not as an army commander.
On the Internet Gen. John Bell Hood, CSA
Further reading
Dyer, John Percy The gallant Hood Indianapolis, Bobbs Merrill 1950
Hay, Thomas Robson Hood's Tennessee campaign Dayton OH, Morningside Bookshop 1976
Hood, John Bell Advance and retreat : personal experiences in the United States & Confederate States Armies New York, Da Capo Press 1993
McMurry, Richard M John Bell Hood and the War for Southern Independence Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press 1992

Name HUGER, Benjamin
Born November 22 1805, Charleston SC
Died December 7 1877, Charleston SC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1825, topographical duty, artillery, toured Europe, Mexican War, superintended armories, resigned April 1861.
War Service 1861 joined Confederate army after the fall of Fort Sumter, June 1861 Brig. Gen., September 1861 Maj. Gen., commanded Dept of Norfolk - evacuated it as Union forces approached, commanded Huger’s Divn at Seven Pines, Seven Days, his performance was rated poorly, relieved of active command, inspection duties for the remainder of the War, transferred to Trans Mississippi.
Post War Career Farmer.
Further reading
Rhoades, Jeffrey L Scapegoat general : the story of Major General Benjamin Huger, C.S.A. Hamden CT, Archon Books 1985

Name HUMES, William Young Conn
Born May 1 1830, Abingdon VA
Died September 11 1882, Huntsville AL
Pre-War Profession Graduated VMI 1851, teacher, lawyer.
War Service 1861 Lt. in artillery, Capt., commanded batteries at Island No. 10 (c), soon exchanged, commanded horse artillery in Wheeler's Corps, November 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Humes’ Divn/Wheeler’s Corps in Atlanta campaign, Buck Head Creek, Monroe's Cross Roads NC (w), March 1865 Maj. Gen..
Post War Career Lawyer

Name HUMPHREYS, Benjamin Grubb
Born August 24 or 26 1808, Claiborne Cty MS
Died December 20 1882, Leflore Cty MS
Pre-War Profession West Point - entered 1825 but dismissed following a riot in 1826, lawyer, farmer, politician.
War Service 1861 raised a company in 21st Mississippi, Capt., September 1861 Col., Seven Days, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, August 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Humphreys’ Bde/McLaws’ Divn at Chickamauga, Knoxville, commanded Humphreys’ Bde/in Kershaw's Divn in the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Berryville (w), commanded a military district in Mississippi.
Post War Career Governor of Mississippi, insurance agent, planter.

Name HUNTON, Eppa
Born September 22 1822, Fauquier Cty VA
Died October 11 1908, Richmond VA
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer, state militia (Brig. Gen.).
War Service 1861 recruited and equipped 8th Virginia, May 1861 Col., First Manassas, Seven Days, Sharpsburg, Gettysburg (w), August 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Hunton’s Bde/Pickett’s Divn at the Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Five Forks, Sayler's Creek (c).
Post War Career Lawyer, US congressman, US senator.

Last updated May 2007