Name LANE, James Henry
Born July 28 1833, Mathews Court House VA
Died September 21 1907, Auburn AL
Pre-War Profession Graduated VMI 1854, professor at VMI and NCMI
War Service 1861 elected Maj. of 1st North Carolina Volunteers, Big Bethel, Lt. Col., September 1861 Col. of 28th North Carolina, Seven Days (w), Sharpsburg, November 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Lane’s Bde/Hill’s Divn at Chancellorsville, commanded 2nd Bde/Pender’s Divn at Gettysburg, Cold Harbor (w), commanded Lane’s Bde/Wilcox’s Divn at Petersburg, Appomattox.
Post War Career Teacher, college professor.
Notes A vigorous fighter.

Name LANE, Walter Paye
Born February 18 1817, County Cork, Ireland
Died January 28 1892, Marshall TX
Pre-War Profession Emigrated to US 1821, Texas War for Independence, sailor, farmer, Indian fighter, teacher, Mexican War, gold miner.
War Service 1861 Lt. Col. in 3rd Texas Cavalry, Wilson's Creek, Elkhorn Tavern, Corinth, service in Louisiana, Red River campaign, Mansfield (w), March 1865 Brig. Gen..
Post War Career Merchant, wrote memoirs.
Further reading
Lane, Walter P The Adventures and Recollections of Gen. Walter P. Lane 1887

Name LAW, Evander McIvor
Born August 7 1836, Darlington SC
Died October 31 1920, Bartow FL
Pre-War Profession Graduated The Citadel 1856, teacher in military academy.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 4th Alabama, Pensacola, Lt. Col., First Manassas (w), October 1861 Col., Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, October 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Law’s Bde/Hood's Divn at Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, not chosen by Longstreet to command Hood's division, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, resigned December 1863 following argument with division commander Micah Jenkins, not court martialled despite Longstreet's urging, returned to command, commanded Law’s Bde/Field's Divn at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor (w), Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Educator, newspaperman.
Notes A great fighter, who feuded with Longstreet.

Name LAWTON, Alexander Robert
Born November 4 1818, Beaufort Dist. SC
Died July 2 1896, Clifton Springs NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1839, resigned 1841, lawyer, railroad administrator, politician.
War Service 1861 Col. of 1st Georgia, commanded state troops at Fort Pulaski GA, April 1861 Brig. Gen., Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign, commanded 4th Bde/Jackson’s Divn at Seven Days, Second Manassas, commanded Ewell’s Divn at Sharpsburg (w), August 1863 quartermaster general.
Post War Career Politician, lawyer, US minister to Austria.
Notes An able administrator.

Name LEADBETTER, Danville
Born August 26 1811, Leeds ME
Died September 26 1866, Clifton, Canada
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1836, engineering duties, resigned 1852, chief engineer of Alabama, advised on the defence of Mobile Bay.
War Service 1861 Col. of engineers, acting chief of Bureau of Engineers, advised on coastal fortifications, superintended construction in East Tennessee, arranged lines at Chattanooga, Knoxville, defence of Mobile.
Post War Career Moved to Mexico, Canada.
Notes Was criticised for his work at Knoxville, which some claimed cost Longstreet victory.

Name LEE, Edwin Gray
Born May 27 1836, Loudoun Cty VA
Died August 24 1870, Yellow Sulphur Springs VA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service 1861 2nd Lt. in 2nd Virginia, aide to Jackson at First Manassas, Maj. in 33rd Virginia, Lt. Col., Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign, Seven Days, August 1862 Col., Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, resigned because of ill health, returned to duty, assigned to Richmond, recruited in Shenandoah Valley, September 1864 Brig. Gen. (later rejected by senate), November 1864 again resigned for health reasons, escaped to Montreal.
Post War Career Returned to Virginia, died of lung disease.
Notes Son-in-law of W N Pendleton
Further reading
Levin, Alexandra Lee "This awful drama" : General Edwin Gray Lee, C.S.A., and his family New York, Vantage Press 1987

Name LEE, Fitzhugh
Born November 19 1835, Fairfax Cty VA
Died April 28 1905, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1856, frontier duty, instructor at West Point, resigned May 1861.
War Service 1861 1st Lt., Lt. Col. in 1st Virginia Cavalry, March 1862 Col., staff officer in Peninsula campaign, July 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Lee’s Cavalry brigade in the Sharpsburg campaign, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, August 1863 Maj. Gen., commanded Lee’s Cavalry Divn, Spotsylvania, Third Winchester (w), chief of cavalry in ANV towards the end of the war.
Post War Career Farmer, governor, consul general at Havana, Maj. Gen. of US Volunteers in Spanish-American war.
Notes Nephew of Gen. Robert E Lee and Gen. Samuel Cooper
Further reading
Nichols, James L General Fitzhugh Lee, a biography Lynchburgh VA, H.E. Howard 1989

Name LEE, George Washington Custis
Born September 16 1832, Fortress Monroe VA
Died February 18 1913, Fairfax Cty VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1854 (first in his class), engineer duties, resigned May 1861.
War Service July 1861 Capt. of engineers, built fortifications around Richmond, staff of President Davis, June 1863 Brig. Gen., October 1864 Maj. Gen., commanded G W Lee’s Divn in retreat from Petersburg, Sayler's Creek (s).
Post War Career Teacher at VMI, president of Washington and Lee College.
Notes Eldest son of R E Lee. Was uncertain about accepting field command.

Name LEE, Robert Edward
Born January 19 1807, Westmoreland Cty VA
Died October 12 1870, Lexington VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1829, engineering duty, Mexican War, superintendent of West Point, 2nd Cavalry, commanded the forces that captured John Brown's body of men at Harper's Ferry, refused the offer of command of US forces at the outbreak of the War, resigned April 1861.
War Service 1861 commander in chief of forces of Virginia, May 1861 Brig. Gen. in Confederate army, commanded forces in West Virginia, examined coastal defences, August 1861 full General, military adviser to President Davis, took over command of ANV after J E Johnston was wounded, commanded ANV until the surrender at Appomattox, in 1865 he was made General in Chief of the Armies of the Confederate States.
Post War Career President of Washington (later Washington and Lee) College.
Notes The greatest general. The greatest leader of men. Did not write memoirs.
On the Internet Stratford Hall Plantation, birthplace of Robert E. Lee
Further reading
Anderson, Nancy Scott The generals--Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee New York, Knopf 1988
Freeman, Douglas Southall R. E. Lee, a biography New York, Scribner 1934-35
Lee, Fitzhugh General Lee : a biography of Robert E. Lee New York, Da Capo Press, 1994
Nolan, Alan T Lee considered : General Robert E. Lee and Civil War history Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1991
Taylor, Walter Herron General Lee, his campaigns in Virginia, 1861-1865 : with personal reminiscences Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press 1994

Name LEE, Stephen Dill
Born September 22 1833, Charleston SC
Died May 28 1908, Vicksburg MS
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1854, artillery and staff duty, resigned February 1861.
War Service 1861 Capt. on Beauregard's staff, Fort Sumter, served in ANV artillery, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, November 1862 Brig. Gen., chief of Pemberton's artillery, Vicksburg campaign, Vicksburg (s), exchanged one month later, August 1863 Maj. Gen., cavalry command in the Dept. of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana, June 1864 Lt. Gen., took over command of Hood’s Corps in Army of Tennessee, Ezra Church, Franklin and Nashville campaign (w), Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Farmer, politician, college president.
Notes Youngest Confederate Lt. Gen. A distant relative of R E Lee.

Name LEE, William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney"
Born May 31 1837, "Arlington" VA
Died October 15 1891, Alexandria VA
Pre-War Profession Commissioned into US army 1857, resigned 1859, planter.
War Service 1861 Capt. in cavalry, Maj., Western Virginia, Lt. Col., April 1862 Col. of 9th Virginia Cavalry, Virginia operations, South Mountain, September 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded 3rd Cavalry Bde at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station (w), captured while recuperating, released March 1864, April 1864 Maj. Gen., commanded W H F Lees’ Cavalry Divn at Petersburg, second in command of cavalry at Appomattox.
Post War Career Farmer, politician, US congressman.
Notes Second son of Gen. Robert E Lee. Youngest Maj. Gen. in Confederate service.
Further reading
Daughtry, Mary Bandy Gray Cavalier: The Life and Wars of General William H. F. "Rooney" Lee New York, Da Capo Press 2002

Born May 15 1815, Exmouth, England
Died December 1 1889, Wilkes Cty NC
Pre-War Profession 1832 commissioned in 14th Regiment of Foot in British Army, colonial duty, emigrated to US in 1842.
War Service November 1861 elected Col. of 34th North Carolina, April 1862 Col. of 11th North Carolina, North Carolina coastal defences, joined the ANV in 1863, Gettysburg (w), captured in the retreat to Virginia, released nine months later, April 1864 Brig. Gen. of state troops, operated in Roanoke River and Weldon Railroad area, February 1865 Brig. Gen. - refused the appointment.
Post War Career Businessman.

Name LEWIS, Joseph Horace
Born October 29 1824, Barren Cty KY
Died July 6 1904, Scott Cty KY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician.
War Service September 1861 organised 6th Kentucky - Col., Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, September 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded the Orphan Brigade/Breckenridge’s Divn at Missionary Ridge, Atlanta campaign, brigade was then mounted and served in Wheeler's corps, Carolinas campaign, President Davis' escort in his flight.
Post War Career Lawyer, politician, US congressman, judge.

Name LEWIS, William Gaston
Born September 3 1835, Rocky Mount NC
Died January 7 1901, Goldsboro NC
Pre-War Profession Teacher, surveyor, railroad engineer.
War Service April 1861 Lt. in 1st North Carolina, Big Bethel, Maj. in 33rd North Carolina, New Berne, Lt. Col. of 43rd North Carolina, Second Winchester, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, Mine Run, Plymouth NC, Petersburg, May 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Lewis’s Bde/Early’s Divn in Early's Washington raid, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Petersburg, Appomattox campaign (w,c).
Post War Career Civil engineer.

Name LIDDELL, St John Richardson
Born September 6 1815, nr Woodville MS
Died February 14 1870, on a steamboat on the Black River
Pre-War Profession West Point but resigned after 1 year in 1834, planter.
War Service 1861 volunteer adc to Gen. Hardee with rank of Col., courier for A S Johnston, commanded a brigade at Corinth under Cleburne, July 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded 1st Bde at Perryville, commanded 2nd Bde/Cleburne’s Divn at Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, District commands in Trans Mississippi, Red River campaign, defence of Mobile, Fort Blakely (c).
Post War Career Planter.
Notes A reliable commander. Killed by a family with whom he had been quarreling.

Name LILLEY, Robert Doak
Born January 28 1836, Greenville VA
Died November 12 1886, Richmond VA
Pre-War Profession Salesman.
War Service 1861 Recruited Augusta Lee Guards (36th Virginia) - Capt., Western Virginia, McDowell, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Maj., served with Imboden in Western Virginia, Gettysburg campaign, Lt. Col., Mine Run, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, May 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Early's old brigade in Early's Washington raid, Stephenson's Depot (w,c), freed after four days, commanded reserve forces in Shenandoah Valley.
Post War Career Financial agent for Washington College.

Name LITTLE, Lewis Henry
Born March 19 1817, Baltimore MD
Died September 19 1862, Iuka MS
Pre-War Profession Commissioned into US army 1839, Mexican War, resigned May 1861.
War Service 1861 Maj. of artillery, staff of Sterling Price, Elkhorn Tavern, April 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded 1st Divn/Army of the West under Bragg, Iuka (k).

Name LOGAN, Thomas Muldrup
Born November 3 1840, Charleston SC
Died August 11 1914, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Student
War Service 1861 served as a volunteer during the Fort Sumter bombardment, helped to organise the Hampton Legion - 1st Lt., First Manassas, Capt., Gaines' Mill (w), Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Maj., Lt. Col., Chickamauga, Knoxville, May 1864 Col., Petersburg campaign, Brig. Gen. February 1865, Bentonville.
Post War Career Railroad developer, businessman.
Further reading
Morrill, Lily A builder of the new South : notes on the career of Thomas M. Logan Boston, Christopher Pub. House 1940

Name LOMAX, Lunsford Lindsay
Born November 4 1835, Newport RI
Died May 28 1913, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1856, frontier duty, resigned April 1861.
War Service 1861 Capt. of Virginia state troops, staff officer in Tennessee, June 1863 Col. of 11th Virginia Cavalry, Imboden's raid, Brandy Station, Gettysburg campaign, July 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Lomax’s Bde/W H F Lee’s Divn in Overland campaign, August 1864 Maj. Gen., Yellow Tavern, Shenandoah Valley campaign, command of Valley District.
Post War Career Farmer, college president.
Notes Assisted in compilation of Official Records.

Name LONG, Armistead Lindsay
Born September 3 (or 13) 1825, Campbell Cty VA
Died April 29 1891, Charlottesville VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1850, artillery duty, resigned June 1861.
War Service 1861 Maj. of artillery, Loring's staff in Western Virginia, Col. as military secretary to Lee when he became commander of ANV, commander of II Corps artillery, September 1863 Brig. Gen., served with the ANV until the end of the War.
Post War Career Canal engineer, although blind wrote a biography of R E Lee.
Notes Son-in-law of Union Gen. E V Sumner

Name LONGSTREET, James "Old Pete"
Born January 8 1821, Edgefield Dist. SC
Died January 2 1904, Gainesville GA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, Indian campaigns, Mexican War, resigned June 1861
War Service June 1861 Brig. Gen., First Manassas, October 1861 Maj. Gen. in command of a division, Williamsburg, Seven Pines, Seven Days, Second Manassas campaign, Corps command at Sharpsburg, October 1862 Lt. Gen. in command of I Corps of ANV, Fredericksburg, Suffolk campaign, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Knoxville, Wilderness (w), defence of Richmond, Appomattox.
Post War Career Insurance agent, lottery supervisor, US minister to Turkey, wrote memoirs.
Notes One of the best fighters, but over-deliberate in the opinion of many (especially adherents to the “Lost Cause”).
On the Internet The Longstreet Chronicles
Further reading
Longstreet, James From Manassas to Appomattox : memoirs of the Civil War in America New York, Da Capo Press 1992
Piston, William Garrett Lee's tarnished lieutenant : James Longstreet and his place in southern history Athens, University of Georgia Press 1987
Sanger, Donald Bridgman James Longstreet: I. Soldier, by Donald Bridgman Sanger; II. Politician, officeholder, and writer, by Thomas Robson Hay Gloucester MA, P. Smith 1968
Wert, Jeffry D General James Longstreet : the Confederacy's most controversial soldier : a biography New York, Simon & Schuster 1993

Name LORING, William Wing "Old Blizzards"
Born December 4 1818, Wilmington NC
Died December 30 1886, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Planter, lawyer, politician, soldier, Seminole war, Mexican War, resigned May 1861 as a full Col.
War Service May 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded forces in western Virginia, Cheat Mountain, February 1862 Maj. Gen. in command of the Army of Southwestern Virginia, corps command in Army of Mississippi, blocked Grant's advance on Vicksburg, command Loring’s Corps in the Army of Tennessee, Atlanta campaign, Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Travelled abroad, service of Khedive of Egypt, returned to US, wrote memoirs.
On the Internet The William Wing Loring World Wide Web Page
Further reading
Loring, William Wing Report of Major General Loring of battle of Baker's Creek, and subsequent movements of his command Richmond, R.M. Smith 1864
Wessels, William L Born to be a soldier; the military career of William Wing Loring of St. Augustine, Florida Fort Worth, Texas Christian University Press 1971

Name LOVELL, Mansfield
Born October 20 1822, Washington DC
Died June 1 1884, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, Mexican War, 1954 resigned from US army, businessman.
War Service October 1861 Maj. Gen., commanded defences of New Orleans, commanded a corps at Corinth, relieved of command because of his failure at New Orleans, absolved of charges of incompetence by a court of inquiry but given no further appointment.
Post War Career Civil engineer.

Name LOWREY, Mark Perrin
Born December 30 1828, McNairy Cty TN
Died February 27 1885, Middleton TN
Pre-War Profession Bricklayer, Mexican War, minister.
War Service 1861 Col. of 4th Regt of Mississippi state troops (a sixty day regiment), April 1862 raised 32nd Mississippi - Col., Perryville, Kentucky campaign, Chickamauga, October 1863 Brig. Gen., Missionary Ridge, commanded Lowrey’s Bde/Cleburne’s Divn in Atlanta campaign, commanded Cleburne’s Divn at Jonesborough, Nashville and Franklin campaign, March 1865 resigned commission.
Post War Career Minister, college professor.

Name LOWRY, Robert
Born March 10 1830, Chesterfield Dist. SC
Died January 19 1910, Jackson MS
Pre-War Profession Merchant, lawyer, politician.
War Service 1861 Pvt. in 6th Mississippi, Maj., Shiloh (w), May 1862 Col., Vicksburg campaign, Atlanta campaign, Franklin, commanded Adams’s Bde/Loring’s Divn at Nashville, February 1865 Brig. Gen., Bentonville.
Post War Career Politician, governor.

Name LYON, Hylan Benton
Born February 22 1836, Caldwell Cty KY
Died April 25 1907, Eddyville KY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1856, artillery service, resigned April 1861.
War Service 1861 Lt. of artillery, Capt., February 1862 Lt. Col. in 8th Kentucky, Fort Donelson, Col., Holly Springs, Vicksburg, Chattanooga, brigade command in Forrest's cavalry, Brice's Cross Roads, June 1864 Brig. Gen., Franklin and Nashville campaign, command of Dist. of Western Kentucky.
Post War Career Went to Mexico, returned to US, farmer, prison commissioner.

Last updated May 2007