Name SANDERS, John Caldwell Calhoun
Born April 4 1840, Tuscaloosa AL
Died August 21 1864, Weldon Railroad VA
Pre-War Profession Student
War Service 1861 elected Capt. in 11th Alabama, Seven Pines, White Oak Swamp (w), commanded his regiment at Sharpsburg, September 1862 Col., Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg (w), Wilderness, Spotsylvania, May 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Wilcox's Bde/Mahone's Divn at Petersburg, Crater, Weldon Railroad (mw).
Name SCALES, Alfred Moore
Born November 26 1827, Reidsville NC
Died February 8 1892, Greensboro NC
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician, US congressman.
War Service 1861 Pvt. in 13th North Carolina, Capt., October 1861 Col., Yorktown, Williamsburg, Seven Days, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville (w), June 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Pender's Bde/Pender's Divn at Gettysburg (w), Wilderness, Petersburg.
Post War Career Lawyer, politician, US congressman, governor of North Carolina.
Name SCOTT, Thomas Moore
Born 1829, Athens GA
Died April 21 1876, New Orleans LA
Pre-War Profession Farmer
War Service August 1861 organised the 12th Louisiana - Col., Belmont (not engaged), Island No 10, Fort Pillow, Port Hudson, Champion's Hill, Atlanta campaign, May 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Scott’s Bde/Stewart’s Divn at Franklin (w).
Post War Career Farmer, sugar planter.
Name SCURRY, William Read
Born February 10 1821, Gallatin TN
Died April 30 1864, Jenkins' Ferry AR
Pre-War Profession Mexican War, border commissioner.
War Service 1861 Lt. Col. of 4th Texas Cavalry, Valverde, La Glorieta Pass, September 1862 Brig. Gen., assault on Galveston, commanded Scurry’s Bde/Walker’s Divn in Red River campaign, Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, Jenkins' Ferry (mw).
Name SEARS, Claudius Wistar
Born November 8 1817, Peru MA
Died February 15 1891, Oxford MS
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1841, resigned 1842, teacher, college professor.
War Service 1861 Pvt. 17th Mississippi, Capt., December 1862 Col. of 46th Mississippi, Chickasaw Bluffs, Vicksburg campaign, Port Gibson, Champion's Hill, Vicksburg (s), March 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Sears Bde/French’s Divn in Atlanta campaign, Allatoona, Franklin, Murfreesboro, Nashville (w,c).
Post War Career College professor.
Name SEMMES, Paul Jones
Born June 4 1815, Wilkes Cty GA
Died July 10 1863, Martinsburg WV
Pre-War Profession Banker, planter, Capt. in state militia.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 2nd Georgia, March 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Semmes’ Bde/Magruder's Divn at Yorktown, Williamsburg, Seven Pines, commanded Semmes’ Bde/McLaws' Divn at Savage's Station, Malvern Hill, Crampton's Gap, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Salem Church, Gettysburg (mw).
Notes Cousin of Admiral Raphael Semmes.
Name SHARP, Jacob Hunter
Born February 6 1833, Pickensville AL
Died September 15 1907, Columbus MS
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 44th Mississippi, Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro, September 1863 Col., Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, July 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Sharps’ Bde/Johnson’s Divn in Franklin and Nashville campaign, Carolinas campaign, Bentonville.
Post War Career Lawyer, newspaper owner, politician.
Name SHELBY, Joseph Orville “Jo”
Born December 12 1830, Lexington KY
Died February 13 1897, Adrian MO
Pre-War Profession Rope manufacturer, planter, Missouri-Kansas conflict.
War Service 1861 Capt. of cavalry, Wilson's Creek, June 1862 Col., commanded a cavalry brigade, Prairie Grove, Helena (w), raided in Missouri 1863, December 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded a division in Price's Missouri raid, fled to Mexico to offer services to Maximilian.
Post War Career Returned to US after the downfall of Maximilian, farmer, US marshal.
O'Flaherty, Daniel General Jo Shelby, undefeated rebel Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1954
Name SHELLEY, Charles Miller
Born December 28 1833, Sullivan Cty TN
Died January 20 1907, Birmingham AL
Pre-War Profession Architect and builder.
War Service 1861 Lt. in Tallegada Artillery, Capt. in 5th Alabama Infantry, First Manassas campaign, January 1862 organised 30th Alabama - Col., Kentucky campaign, Fort Gibson, Vicksburg (s), Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, commanded Shelley’s Bde/Walthall's Divn, September 1864 Brig. Gen., Franklin and Nashville campaign, Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Sheriff, US congressman, auditor.
Name SHOUP, Francis Asbury
Born March 22 1834, Laurel IN
Died September 4 1896, Columbia TN
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1855, Seminole war, resigned 1860, lawyer.
War Service 1861 Lt. of Florida state artillery, Maj. in command of an Arkansas artillery battalion, Shiloh, September 1862 Brig. Gen., Prairie Grove, chief of artillery to Buckner at Mobile, commanded a Louisiana brigade at Vicksburg (s), chief of artillery to Johnston in Atlanta campaign, chief of staff to Hood.
Post War Career College professor, minister.
Name SIBLEY, Henry Hopkins
Born May 25 1816, Natchitoches LA
Died August 23 1886, Fredericksburg VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1838, Seminole war, Utah expedition, Mexican War, resigned US army May 1861.
War Service May 1861 Col., June 1861 Brig. Gen. in command of New Mexico expedition, Valverde, La Glorieta Pass, retreated to San Antonio, assigned to minor commands, court martialled but not convicted for disobedience, reported by Kirby Smith as without command.
Post War Career General in Egyptian army, returned to US, lectured.
Notes Inventor of the Sibley tent.
Thompson, Jerry D Henry Hopkins Sibley : Confederate general of the West Natchitoches LA, Northwestern State University Press 1987
Name SIMMS, James Phillip
Born January 16 1837, Covington GA
Died May 30 1887, Covington GA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service 186?, Maj. in 53rd Georgia, October 1862 Col., Fredericksburg, Salem Church, Gettysburg, Chattanooga, Knoxville campaign, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, commanded Bryan's brigade in Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Creek, December 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Simms’ Bde/Kershaw’s Divn at Petersburg, Sayler's Creek (c).
Post War Career Politician, lawyer.
Name SLACK, William Yarnel
Born August 1 1816, Mason Cty KY
Died March 21 1862, Moore's Mill AR
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican War.
War Service 1861 Brig. Gen. of Missouri State Guard, Carthage, Springfield (w), Elkhorn Tavern (w), died of wounds, promoted Brig. Gen. posthumously.
Name SLAUGHTER, James Edwin
Born June 1827, Cedar Mountain VA
Died January 1 1901, Mexico City, Mexico
Pre-War Profession Commissioned in US army, Mexican War, dismissed May 1861.
War Service 1861 Capt. in artillery, staff of Bragg in Florida, Maj., March 1862 Brig. Gen., staff of A S Johnston, similarly for Beauregard and Bragg, chief of artillery to Magruder, later chief of staff, Brownsville.
Post War Career Emigrated to Mexico, returned to US, civil engineer, postmaster.
Notes Great-nephew of President James Madison.
Name SMITH, Edmund Kirby
Born May 16 1824, St Augustine FL
Died March 28 1893, Sewanee TN
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1845, Mexican War, assistant professor at West Point, frontier duty, resigned April 1861.
War Service 1861 Lt. Col., June 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded 4th Bde/Army of the Shenandoah at First Manassas (w), October 1861 Maj. Gen., Richmond KY, October 1862 Lt. Gen. in command of Trans Mississippi Dept until the end of the War, February 1864 General, repelled the Red River expedition.
Post War Career President of telegraph company, college professor, college president.
Notes The last surviving full general of the Confederacy.
Kerby, Robert Lee Kirby Smith's Confederacy; the Trans-Mississippi South, 1863-1865 New York, Columbia University Press 1972
Parks, Joseph Howard General Edmund Kirby Smith, C.S.A. Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press 1954
Name SMITH, Gustavus Woodson
Born November 30 or December 1 1821, Georgetown KY
Died June 24 1896, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, Mexican War, instructor at West Point, resigned US army 1854, civil engineer, street commissioner for New York.
War Service September 1861 Maj. Gen., commanded a wing of Johnston's army in Peninsula campaign, temporarily commanded ANV following Johnston's wounding, assigned to command in southern Virginia, served briefly as interim Secretary of War, resigned his commission when passed over for promotion, Maj. Gen. of Georgia militia, Chattahoochee River, battles around Atlanta, Savannah.
Post War Career Superintendent of iron works, insurance commissioner, wrote memoirs.
Smith, Gustavus W Confederate War Papers 1884
Smith, Gustavus W The Battle of Seven Pines 1891
Name SMITH, James Argyle
Born July 1 1831, Maury Cty TN
Died December 6 1901, Jackson MS
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1853, garrison duty, Sioux campaign, Utah expedition, resigned May 1861.
War Service 1861 Capt., Maj., Lt. Col. in 2nd Tennessee, Shiloh, Col. of 5th Infantry in Confederate Regular army, Perryville, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, September 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Granbury's Bde/Cleburne’s Divn in Atlanta campaign (w), Franklin, commanded Cleburne's division at Nashville, Bentonville.
Post War Career Farmer, superintendent of public education.
Name SMITH, Martin Luther
Born September 9 1819, Danby NY
Died July 29 1866, Savannah GA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, surveyed coasts and rivers, Mexican War, civil engineer, resigned US army April 1861.
War Service March 1861 Maj. of engineers, worked on defences of New Orleans, February 1862 Col. of 21st Louisiana, April 1862 Brig. Gen., command of Dist. in Dept. of Southern Mississippi and East Louisiana, command at Vicksburg, November 1862 Maj. Gen., Vicksburg (c), chief engineer to R E Lee, chief engineer to Hood at Atlanta, constructed defences at Mobile.
Post War Career Civil engineer.
Name SMITH, Preston
Born December 25 1823, Giles Cty TN
Died September 19 1863, Chickamauga TN
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service 1861 Col. of 154th Tennessee, Shiloh (w), commanded a brigade in Cleburne's division, Richmond KY, October 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Smith’s Bde/Cheatham's Divn at Chickamauga (mw).
Name SMITH, Thomas Benton
Born February 24 1838, Mechanicsville TN
Died May 21 1923, Nashville TN
Pre-War Profession Attended Nashville Military Institute, railroad worker.
War Service 1861 2nd Lt. in 20th Tennessee, Mill Springs, Shiloh, August 1862 Col., Baton Rouge, Murfreesboro (w), Chickamauga (w), Atlanta campaign, July 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Tyler's Bde/Bate’s Divn at Jonesboro, Franklin and Nashville campaign, captured at Nashville and assaulted by an enemy colonel.
Post War Career Railroad worker, inmate of state asylum.
Name SMITH, William "Extra Billy"
Born September 6 1797, King George Cty VA
Died May 18 1887, nr Warrenton VA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, mail operator, politician, US congressman, governor.
War Service August 1861 Col. of 49th Virginia, First Manassas, elected to Confederate congress, Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg (w), January 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Early's Bde/Early’s Divn, resigned from Congress, Gettysburg, elected governor, August 1863 Maj. Gen., inaugurated January 1864.
Post War Career Farmer.
Notes His nickname was given for the extra payments he received in his mail coach business.
Name SMITH, William Duncan
Born July 28 1825, Augusta GA
Died October 4 1862, Charleston SC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1846, Mexican War, garrison duty, on leave in Europe, resigned January 1861.
War Service March 1861 Capt., July 1861 Col. of 20th Georgia, March 1862 Brig. Gen. in Dept of South Carolina and Georgia, command of Dist of South Carolina, Secessionville, died of yellow fever.
Name SORREL, Gilbert Moxley
Born February 23 1838, Savannah GA
Died August 10 1901, Roanoke VA
Pre-War Profession Bank clerk, private in state militia.
War Service 1861 took part in capture of Ft Pulaski, Capt. on Longstreet's staff, First Manassas, was present at all of Longstreet's battles, led 4 brigades at the Wilderness, October 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Sorrel’s Bde/Mahone's Divn at Petersburg (w), Hatcher's Run (w).
Post War Career Merchant, steamship executive, wrote memoirs.
Sorrel, Gilbert M Recollections of a Confederate Staff Officer 1905
Name STAFFORD, Leroy Augustus
Born April 13 1822, nr Cheneyville LA
Died May 8 1864, Richmond VA
Pre-War Profession Planter, sheriff, Mexican War, Capt. in Stafford Guards militia.
War Service 1861 Capt. of Stafford Guards, Lt. Col. of 9th Louisiana, October 1861 Col., Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign, Seven Days, Sharpsburg (w), Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, October 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Stafford’s Bde/Johnson's Divn at Mine Run, Wilderness (mw).
Name STARKE, Peter Burwell
Born 1815, Brunswick Cty VA
Died July 13 1888, nr Lawrenceville VA
Pre-War Profession Stagecoach operator, politician.
War Service February 1862 Col. of 28th Mississippi Cavalry, operations in Mississippi, Vicksburg campaign, command of 1st brigade in Jackson's cavalry, served under S D Lee in opposing Sherman's advance on Meridian, commanded 28th Mississippi in Atlanta campaign , November 1864 Brig. Gen. in command of a brigade in Forrest's forces, Franklin and Nashville campaign, served in Chalmers' division in Alabama.
Post War Career Board of levee commissioners, sheriff, farmer.
Notes Brother of Gen. W E Starke
Name STARKE, William Edwin
Born 1814, Brunswick Cty VA
Died September 17 1862, Sharpsburg MD
Pre-War Profession Stagecoach operator, cotton broker.
War Service 1861 aide to Garnett in West Virginia, September 1861 Col. of 60th Virginia, Seven Days, August 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Taliaferro's division when he became wounded at Second Manassas, commanded again at Sharpsburg (mw).
Name STEELE, William
Born May 1 1819, Albany NY
Died January 12 1885, San Antonio TX
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1840, Seminole war, Mexican War, served in Texas, resigned May 1861.
War Service 1861 Col. of 7th Texas Cavalry, served in Sibley's New Mexico expedition, September 1862 Brig. Gen., command of Indian Territory, command of Galveston defences, Red River campaign, Pleasant Hill, served in Trans Mississippi.
Post War Career Commission merchant, adjutant general of Texas.
Name STEUART, George Hume "Maryland"
Born August 24 1828, Baltimore MD
Died November 22 1903, South River MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1848, frontier duty, Utah expedition, resigned April 1861.
War Service 1861 Capt. of cavalry, Lt. Col. of 1st Maryland, First Manassas, July 1861 Col., March 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Steuart’s Bde/Ewell's Divn in Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cross Keys (w), commanded Steuart’s Bde/Johnson's Divn at Gettysburg, Spotsylvania (c), commanded Steuart’s Bde/Pickett’s Divn in Petersburg campaign, Five Forks, Appomattox.
Post War Career Farmer.
Name STEVENS, Clement Hoffman "Rock"
Born August 14 1821, Norwich CT
Died July 25 1864, Atlanta GA
Pre-War Profession Ship's secretary in US navy, bank cashier.
War Service 1861 designed and built the armoured fortification on Morris Is., aide to Bee at First Manassas (w), commanded a militia regiment at Charleston, Col. of 24th South Carolina, Secessionville, Vicksburg campaign, Chickamauga (w), January 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Stevens’ Bde/Walker’s Divn in Atlanta campaign, Peachtree Creek (mw).
Name STEVENS, Walter Husted
Born August 24 1827, Penn Yan NY
Died November 12 1867, Vera Cruz, Mexico
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1848, engineering posts in Louisiana and Texas, resigned March 1861.
War Service 1861 Capt. of engineers, staff of Beauregard at First Manassas, Peninsula campaign, command of Richmond defences, chief engineer of ANV, August 1864 Brig. Gen., supervised defences at Petersburg, Appomattox.
Post War Career Emigrated to Mexico, superintendent of the Imperial Railroad.
Name STEVENSON, Carter Littlepage
Born September 21 1817, nr Fredericksburg VA
Died August 15 1888, Caroline Cty VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1838, Mexican War, frontier duty, Utah expedition, resigned from the US army but the paperwork went astray, dismissed June 1861.
War Service July 1861 Col. of 53rd Virginia, February 1862 Brig. Gen., Kirby Smith's Kentucky invasion, October 1862 Maj. Gen., in command of a division in Pemberton's army at Vicksburg, Champion's Hill, Vicksburg (s), commanded Stevenson’s Divn/Hardee’s Corps at Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, commanded Stevenson’s Divn/Hood’s Corps in Atlanta campaign, Franklin and Nashville campaign, Carolinas campaign, Bentonville.
Post War Career Civil and mining engineer.
Name STEWART, Alexander Peter "Old Straight"
Born October 2 1821, Rogersville TN
Died August 30 1908, Biloxi MS
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, resigned 1845, teacher.
War Service 1861 Maj. in the Artillery Corps of Tennessee, Belmont, November 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/Polk's Corps at Shiloh, Corinth, Murfreesboro, June 1863 Maj. Gen., commanded Stewart’s Divn/Buckner's Corps at Chickamauga , Missionary Ridge, Atlanta campaign, June 1864 Lt. Gen., commanded Polk's Corps, Ezra Church (w).
Post War Career College professor, businessman, chancellor of the University of Mississippi.
Elliott, Sam Davis Soldier of Tennessee: General Alexander P. Stewart and the Civil War in the West Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press 1999
Name STOVALL, Marcellus Augustus
Born September 18 1818, Sparta GA
Died August 4 1895, Augusta GA
Pre-War Profession Seminole war, appointed to West Point 1836 but resigned due to ill health, merchant, captain in militia artillery unit.
War Service 1861 Col. of artillery in state militia, October 1861 Lt. Col. of 3rd Georgia Bn of infantry, served under Kirby Smith in Kentucky, Murfreesboro, January 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Stovall’s Bde/Breckenridge’s Divn at Chickamauga, Atlanta campaign, commanded Stovall’s Bde/Clayton’s Divn in Franklin and Nashville campaign, Carolinas campaign
Post War Career Cotton broker, chemical manufacturer.
Name STRAHL, Otho French
Born June 3 1831, McConnelsville OH
Died November 30 1864, Franklin TN
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 4th Tennessee, Lt. Col., Shiloh, Murfreesboro, January 1863 Col., July 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Strahl’s ’ Bde/Cheatham's Divn at Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta campaign, commanded Strahl’s Bde/Brown’s Divn at Franklin (k).
Name STUART, James Ewell Brown "Jeb"
Born February 6 1833, Patrick Cty VA
Died May 12 1864, Richmond VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1854, served in 1st Cavalry on frontier duty, aide to R E Lee when John Brown's body of men fought at Harper's Ferry, May 1861 resigned US army.
War Service May 1861 Lt. Col. in Virginia infantry, May 1861 Col. of 1st Virginia Cavalry, First Manassas, September 1861 Brig. Gen., Peninsula campaign, rode around McClellan's army, Seven Days, July 1862 Maj. Gen., command of all cavalry in ANV, Second Manassas campaign, Catlett's Station, Groveton, Sharpsburg campaign, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville campaign, temporarily commanded II Corps at Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Gettysburg campaign, Gettysburg, Yellow Tavern (mw).
Notes Criticised for straying too far from Lee in the march to Gettysburg, he thereafter kept in close communication with the ANV.
On the Internet J. E. B. Stuart Memorial Home page
Davis, Burke Jeb Stuart, the last cavalier New York, Fairfax Press 1988
McClellan, Henry Brainerd The life and campaigns of Major-General J. E. B. Stuart : commander of the cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia Boston, Houghton 1885
Mosby, John Singleton Stuart's cavalry in the Gettysburg campaign New York, Moffat, Yard 1908