Name BAILEY, Joseph
Born May 6 1825, nr Pennsville OH
Died March 21 1867, nr Nevada MO
Pre-War Profession Lumberman.
War Service July 1861 Capt. in 4th Wisconsin, served under Gens Butler and Banks in the Dept. of the Gulf, June 1864 Col., chief engineer of Franklin's XIX Corps, saved the fleet in the Red River campaign (thanks of Congress), Mobile, April 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers (to rank from November 1864).
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. June 7 1864, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Sheriff.
Notes Killed by bushwhackers whom he had arrested.

Name BAIRD, Absalom
Born August 20 1824, Washington PA
Died June 14 1905, nr Relay MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1849, artillery duty, Seminole war, instructor at West Point, frontier duty.
War Service 1861 staff officer, First Bull Run, chief of staff in IV Corps in Peninsula campaign, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 27th Bde/7th Divn/Army of the Ohio, commanded divisions in the Army of Kentucky and Army of the Cumberland, commanded 1st Divn/XIV Corps at Chickamauga, commanded 3rd Divn at Missionary Ridge, Atlanta campaign, Jonesboro - Medal of Honor, March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. September 1 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service as inspector general, retired US Army 1888.
Notes Regarded as a fine divisional commander.
Further reading
Baird, John A Profile of a hero : the story of Absalom Baird, his family, and the American military tradition Philadelphia, Dorrance, 1977

Name BAKER, Edward Dickinson
Born February 24 1811, London, England
Died October 21 1861, Ball's Bluff VA
Pre-War Profession Apprentice weaver, lawyer, politician, US congressman, Mexican war, US senator.
War Service 1861 raised a "California Regiment", the 71st Pennsylvania - Col., September 1861 appointed Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Ball's Bluff (k).
Notes He had not accepted the appointment at the time of his death. A friend of Pres. Lincoln.
Further reading
Blair, Harry C The life of Colonel Edward D. Baker, Lincoln's constant ally, together with four of his great orations Portland OR, 1960
Kennedy, Elijah Robinson The contest for California in 1861; how Colonel E. D. Baker saved the Pacific states to the union Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1912

Name BANKS, Nathaniel Prentiss "Commissary Banks"
Born January 30 1816, Waltham MA
Died September 1 1894, Waltham MA
Pre-War Profession Cotton mill worker, lawyer, politician, US congressman, House Speaker, state governor.
War Service January 1861 appointed Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded V Corps, was soundly defeated in Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign, commanded II Corps at Cedar Mountain, commanded Dept. of the Gulf, Port Hudson (thanks of Congress), Red River campaign, held no further effective command.
Post War Career US congressman, US marshal.
Notes

Name BARLOW, Francis Channing
Born October 19 1834, Brooklyn NY
Died January 11 1896, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service 1861 Pvt. in 12th New York, mustered out after 3 months, Lt Col. in 61st New York, April 1862 Col., Peninsula campaign, Antietam (w), September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/XI Corps, Chancellorsville, commanded 1st Divn/XI Corps at Gettysburg (w,c), commanded 1st Divn/II Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, sick leave, commanded 2nd Divn/II Corps at Sayler's Creek.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864.
Post War Career Politician, US marshal, state attorney general, lawyer.
Notes Left for dead on the field at Gettysburg, he was comforted by Confederate Gen. John B. Gordon.

Name BARNARD, John Gross
Born May 19 1815, Sheffield MA
Died May 14 1882, Detroit MI
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1833, engineer duty, built coastal defences, Mexican war, superintendent of West Point, writer on engineering and science.
War Service 1861 Maj. in construction of the defences of Washington, Bull Run campaign, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, chief engineer of Army of the Potomac, conducted the siege of Yorktown, in charge of Washington defences, chief engineer of Grant's armies when he came East, commanded siege operations at Petersburg, Appomattox.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. July 4 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, worked on coastal defences, writer and historian, retired 1881.
Notes

Name BARNES, James
Born December 28 1801, Boston MA
Died February 12 1869, Springfield MA
Pre-War Profession Businessman, Graduated West Point 1829, instructor at West Point, resigned US Army 1836, civil engineer on railroads.
War Service July 1861 Col. of 18th Massachusetts, Washington defences, Peninsula campaign, commanded 1st bde/1st Divn/V Corps, Antietam, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, commanded the division at Gettysburg (w), garrison and prison duty.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career US Commission on building the Union Pacific Railroad.
Notes Did not perform particularly well at Gettysburg.

Name BARNES, Joseph K
Born July 21 1817, Philadelphia PA
Died April 5 1883, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Doctor, appointed to US Army medical corps 1840, Seminole war, Mexican war, frontier duty.
War Service 1861 Maj., recalled from Pacific Northwest to Washington, Lt. Col. and medical inspector, August 1863 Col., August 1864 Brig. Gen. of Regulars and surgeon general.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, medical historian, retired US Army 1882.
Notes Performed very well and carried out many reforms in the medical service. Attended the assassinated Presidents Lincoln and Garfield

Name BARNUM, Henry Alanson
Born September 24 1833, Jamesville NY
Died January 29 1892, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer, militia officer.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 12th New York, Blackburn's Ford, First Bull Run, Malvern Hill (w,c), exchanged soon after, September 1862 Col. of 149th New York, Gettysburg (w), Lookout Mountain (w) - Medal of Honor, Atlanta campaign, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/XX Corps in March to the Sea, Savannah, May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. January 12 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career New York inspector of prisons.
Notes

Name BARRY, William Farquhar
Born August 18 1818, New York NY
Died July 18 1879, Baltimore MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1838, served on Canadian border, Mexican war, Seminole war, duty in Kansas.
War Service 1861 Maj. in 5th US Artillery, Fort Pickens, chief of artillery at First Bull Run, August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, organised the ordnance of the Army of the Potomac, Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, asked to be given duty elsewhere, supervised defences of Washington, chief of artillery for Sherman in Atlanta campaign, Franklin and Nashville campaign, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. September 1 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in artillery, frontier duty, historian.
Notes

Name BARTLETT, Joseph Jackson
Born November 21 1834, Binghampton NY
Died January 14 1893, Baltimore MD
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 27th New York, Maj., First Bull Run, September 1861 Col., Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/VI Corps, Antietam, October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - appointment expired, reappointed March 1863, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/V Corps, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Appomattox.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864.
Post War Career US minister to Sweden, deputy commissioner of pensions.
Notes

Name BARTLETT, William Francis
Born June 6 1840, Haverhill MA
Died December 17 1876, Pittsfield MA
Pre-War Profession Student.
War Service 1861 Pvt., Capt. in 20th Massachusetts, Yorktown (w), Col. of 49th Massachusetts, Port Hudson (w), Col. of 57th Massachusetts, Wilderness (w), June 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Crater (w,c), soon exchanged, commanded 1st Divn/IX Corps.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Associated with the Tredegar Iron Works.
Notes Lost a leg at Yorktown, and had to be on horseback in all battles after Port Hudson.
Further reading
Palfrey, Francis Winthrop Memoir of William Francis Bartlett Boston, Houghton, Osgood and Company, 1878

Name BAXTER, Henry
Born September 8 1821, Sidney Plains NY
Died December 30 1873, Jonesville MI
Pre-War Profession Miller.
War Service August 1861 Capt. in 7th Michigan, Peninsula campaign (w), Lt. Col., Fredericksburg (w), March 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/I Corps, Gettysburg, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/V Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Five Forks.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. April 1 1865.
Post War Career Register of deeds, US minister to Honduras, lumber businessman.
Notes

Name BAYARD, George Dashiell
Born December 18 1835, Seneca Falls NY
Died December 14 1862, Fredericksburg VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1856, frontier duty in cavalry (killed Kiowa Chief Big Pawnee), instructor at West Point.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry, Washington defences, fought in Shenandoah Valley during Jackson's campaign, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers and chief of cavalry in III Corps, Cedar Mountain, Fredericksburg (mw).
Notes

Name BEAL, George Lafayette
Born May 21 1825, Norway ME
Died December 11 1896, Norway ME
Pre-War Profession Bookbinder, militia officer.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 1st Maine, October 1861 Col. of 10th Maine, Cedar Mountain, Antietam (w), 1863 recruited 29th Maine - Col., commanded a brigade in XIX Corps in Red River campaign, served under Sheridan in Shenandoah Valley campaign, commanded a brigade in Winchester and Fisher's Hill, November 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. August 22 1864, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career State adjutant general, state treasurer.
Notes

Name BEATTY, John
Born December 16 1828, Sandusky OH
Died December 21 1914, Columbus OH
Pre-War Profession Banker, politician.
War Service April 1861 raised a company in 3rd Ohio, Lt. Col. , served in Western Virginia, February 1862 Col., served in Tennessee, Perryville, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XIV Corps at Stone's River, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/XIV Corps at Chattanooga, Knoxville, resigned commission January 1864.
Post War Career Banker, US congressman, historian, author.
Notes He resigned his commission so that his brother could join the army.
Further reading
Beatty, John The citizen-soldier, or, Memoirs of a volunteer Alexandria VA, Time-Life Books, 1983

Name BEATTY, Samuel
Born December 16 1820, Mifflin Cty PA
Died May 26 1885, Stark Cty PA
Pre-War Profession Farmer, Mexican war, sheriff.
War Service April 1861 Capt. in 19th Ohio, Col., Shiloh, advance on Corinth, commanded 11th Bde/5th Divn/II Corps at Perryville, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XIV Corps at Stone's River, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/XIV Corps at Chickamauga, commanded 3rd Bde/3rd Divn/IV Corps at Chattanooga, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta campaign, commanded 3rd Divn/IV Corps at Franklin, Nashville.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Farmer.
Notes

Name BELKNAP, William Worth
Born September 22 1829, Newburgh NY
Died October 13 1890, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician.
War Service December 1861 Maj. in 15th Iowa, Shiloh (w), Lt. Col., Corinth, June 1863 Col., Vicksburg campaign, July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/4th Divn/XVII Corps in Atlanta campaign, Ezra Church, March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Internal revenue collector, secretary of war under Pres. Grant, impeached for corruption, lawyer.
Notes

Name BENHAM, Henry Washington
Born April 17 1813, Meridien (?) CT
Died June 1 1884, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1837 (1st in class), engineer duty, Mexican war.
War Service May 1861 chief engineer of Dept. of the Ohio, served in Western Virginia, Corrick's Ford, August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Secessionville, relieved of command, commanded engineer brigade of Army of the Potomac, engineering duty.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in engineers, retired US Army 1882.
Notes

Name BENTON, William Plummer
Born December 25 1828, New Market MD
Died March 14 1867, New Orleans LA
Pre-War Profession Mexican war, lawyer, district attorney, judge.
War Service April 1861 Capt. in 8th Indiana, September 1861 Col., served in Western Virginia, may have commanded a brigade at Pea Ridge, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/14th Divn/XIII Corps in Vicksburg campaign, Mobile campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer.
Notes Died of yellow fever.

Name BERRY, Hiram Gregory
Born August 27 1824, Rockland ME
Died May 3 1863, Chancellorsville VA
Pre-War Profession Carpenter, bank president, politician, mayor, militia officer.
War Service June 1861 Col. of 4th Maine, First Bull Run, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/III Corps at Fredericksburg, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Divn/III Corps at Chancellorsville (mw).
Notes

Name BIDWELL, Daniel Davidson
Born August 12 1819, Buffalo NY
Died October 19 1864, Cedar Creek VA
Pre-War Profession Police justice.
War Service 1861 Pvt. in 65th New York, October 1861 Col. of 49th New York, Peninsula campaign, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/VI Corps at Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, August 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Creek (mw).
Notes

Name BIRGE, Henry Warner
Born August 25 1825, Hartford CT
Died June 1 1888, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Merchant.
War Service May 1861 Maj. in 4th Connecticut (later renamed 1st Heavy Artillery), February 1862 recruited 13th Connecticut - Col., New Orleans, commanded 3rd Bde/4th Divn/XIX Corps, Port Hudson, September 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/XIX Corps in Red River campaign, commanded 1st Bde/Groves' Divn in Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. February 25 1865.
Post War Career
Notes

Name BIRNEY, David Bell
Born May 29 1825, Huntsville AL
Died October 18 1864, Philadelphia PA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service April 1861 Lt. Col. in 23rd Pennsylvania, August 1861 Col., February 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a brigade in 3rd Divn/III Corps, Peninsula campaign, Seven Pines, Chantilly, commanded 1st Divn/III Corps at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, May 1863 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Gettysburg, commanded 3rd Divn/II Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, commanded X Corps, succumbed to malaria.
Notes Came from a Southern but strongly antislavery family.

Name BIRNEY, William
Born May 28 1819, Madison Cty AL
Died August 14 1907, Forest Glen MD
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, writer, newspaper owner.
War Service May 1861 Capt., First Bull Run, September 1861 Maj. of 4th New Jersey, Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, January 1863 Col., Chancellorsville, May 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers and Col. of 22nd US Colored Infantry, recruited regiments of black troops, served in Florida, commanded 3rd Divn/X Corps, Chaffin's Farm, commanded 2nd Divn/XXV Corps, Appomattox campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, US attorney for the District of Columbia, writer.
Notes Brother of Gen. David B Birney.

Name BLAIR, Francis Preston Jr
Born February 19 1821, Lexington KY
Died July 9 1875, St Louis MO
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, territorial attorney general, US congressman.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 1st Missouri, assisted Lyon in saving the St Louis arsenal for the Union, recruited 7 regiments, August 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a division in the Yazoo expedition, Chickasaw Bluffs, commanded 2nd Divn/XV Corps in Vicksburg campaign, commanded XV Corps at Chattanooga, commanded XVII Corps in Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Planter, politician, US senator
Notes Rated highly as a general by Grant and Sherman.
Further reading
Croly, David G Seymour and Blair : their lives and services with an appendix containing a history of reconstruction New York, Richardson, 1868

Name BLENKER, Louis (Ludwig)
Born May 12 1812, Worms, Germany
Died October 31 1863, Rockland Cty NY
Pre-War Profession Jeweler's apprentice, soldier, revolutionary, emigrated to US 1849, farmer, businessman.
War Service April 1861 recruited 8th New York - Col., commanded a brigade at First Bull Run, August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a division which was assigned to Fremont in Western Virginia, Cross Keys, relieved from duty, discharged March 1863.
Notes His march to Fremont's forces was somewhat of a shambles, partly as a result of poor planning by McClellan.

Name BLUNT, James Gillpatrick
Born July 21 1826, Trenton ME
Died July 27 1881, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Sailor, doctor.
War Service July 1861 recruited the "Kansas Brigade" in which he commanded a cavalry regiment, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept. of Kansas, Old Fort Wayne, commanded 1st Divn/Army of the Frontier, Prairie Grove, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, dismissed from command after his wagon train was attacked by guerillas, recruiting duty, opposed Sterling Price's Missouri raid, commanded Districts in Arkansas and Kansas.
Post War Career Doctor, claims agent.
Notes

Name BOHLEN, Henry
Born October 22 1810, Bremen, Germany
Died August 22 1862, Freeman's Ford VA
Pre-War Profession Liquor dealer, Mexican war.
War Service September 1861 helped recruit 75th Pennsylvania, Col., served in Blenker's division, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/Blenker's Divn at Cross Keys, killed while conducting a reconnaissance before Jackson's forces.
Notes

Name BOWEN, James
Born February 25 1808, New York NY
Died September 29 1886, Dobbs Ferry NY
Pre-War Profession Railroad president, politician.
War Service 1861 recruiting, October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, provost marshal general in Dept. of the Gulf, Red River expedition, relieved from duty, July 1864 resigned commission.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Commissioner of charities, literary critic.
Notes

Name BOYLE, Jeremiah Tilford
Born May 22 1818, Mercer (now Boyle) Cty KY
Died July 28 1871, Louisville KY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service November 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 11th Bde/5th Divn at Shiloh, commanded forces in Kentucky, January 1864 relieved from duty, resigned.
Post War Career Railroad businessman, land speculator.
Notes Was zealous in his administration of Kentucky.

Name BRADLEY, Luther Prentice
Born December 8 1822, New Haven CT
Died March 13 1910, Tacoma WA
Pre-War Profession Militia officer, bookkeeper, salesman.
War Service November 1861 Lt. Col. in 51st Illinois, Island No 10, October 1862 Col., Stone's River, commanded 3rd Bde/3rd Divn at Chickamauga (w), July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/IV Corps in Atlanta campaign, Franklin (w).
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867.
Post War Career Army service, retired 1886.
Notes

Name BRAGG, Edward Stuyvesant
Born February 20 1827, Unadilla NY
Died June 20 1912, Fond Du Lac WI
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, district attorney.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 6th Wisconsin, Washington defences, Lt. Col., Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, March 1863 Col., Chancellorsville, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, June 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Post War Career Politician, US congressman, US minister to Mexico, consul general to Hong Kong.
Notes

Name BRANNAN, John Milton
Born July 1 1819, District of Columbia
Died December 10 1892, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Messenger in the House of Representatives, graduated West Point 1841, artillery duty, Mexican war.
War Service September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Jacksonville FL, commanded 3rd Divn/XIV Corps at Tullahoma, Chickamauga, commanded artillery reserve at Chattanooga, appointed chief of artillery in Army of the Cumberland, Atlanta campaign, administrative duty.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. January 23 1865, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the artillery branch.
Notes

Name BRAYMAN, Mason
Born May 23 1813, Buffalo NY
Died February 27 1895, Kansas City
Pre-War Profession Newspaper editor, lawyer, city attorney.
War Service August 1861 Maj. in 19th Illinois, Belmont, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, April 1862 Col., September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded posts in Tennessee, Ohio and Mississippi.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Railroad businessman, governor of Idaho Territory.
Notes

Name BRIGGS, Henry Shaw
Born August 1 1824, Lanesboro MA
Died September 23 1887, Pittsfield MA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician.
War Service April 1861 Capt. in 8th Massachusetts, July 1861 Col. of 10th Massachusetts, Peninsula campaign, Seven Pines (w), July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded draft depots.
Post War Career State auditor, judge, customs appraiser.
Notes

Name BRISBIN, James Sanks
Born May 23 1837, Boalsburg PA
Died January 14 1892, Philadelphia PA
Pre-War Profession Teacher.
War Service 1861 Pvt., 2nd Lt. in 1st US Cavalry, First Bull Run (w), Peninsula campaign, Blue Ridge expedition, Beverly Ford, Gettysburg campaign, Red River campaign, Sabine Cross Roads (w), staff duty in Kentucky and Tennessee, May 1865 Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. December 12 1864, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the cavalry, commanded a battalion in Gibbon's column in the Little Big Horn campaign, author.
Notes

Name BROOKE, John Rutter
Born July 21 1838, Montgomery Cty PA
Died September 5 1926, Philadelphia PA
Pre-War Profession Student.
War Service April 1861 Capt. in 4th Pennsylvania, Col. of 53rd Pennsylvania, Peninsula campaign, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/II Corps at Antietam, Fredericksburg, commanded 4th Bde/1st Divn/II Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg (w), Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor (w), May 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, court martial duty.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 12 1867.
Post War Career Army service, rising to Maj. Gen., Spanish-American War, retired 1902.
Notes Second last surviving full rank Union general.

Name BROOKS, William Thomas Harbaugh
Born January 28 1821, New Lisbon OH
Died July 19 1870, Huntsville AL
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1841, Seminole war, garrison duty, Mexican war, frontier duty.
War Service September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/IV Corps in Peninsula campaign, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/VI Corps at Seven Days (w), Antietam (w), commanded 1st Divn/VI Corps at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, June 1863 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers - later revoked, commanded Dept. of the Monongahela, commanded 1st Divn/XVIII Corps at Cold Harbor, Petersburg, resigned because of poor health July 1864.
Post War Career Farmer
Notes His career suffered because of a controversy with Burnside.

Name BROWN, Egbert Benson
Born October 4 1816, Brownsville NY
Died February 11 1902, West Plains MO
Pre-War Profession Sailor, grain dealer, city clerk, mayor, railroad businessman.
War Service August 1861 Lt. Col. of 7th Missouri, resigned May 1862, May 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of state militia, commanded Dist. of Southwest Missouri, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Springfield (w), Westport, commanded Dist. of Rolla.
Post War Career Pension agent, farmer.
Notes

Name BUCHANAN, Robert Christie "Old Buck"
Born March 1 1811, Baltimore MD
Died November 29 1878, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1830, Black Hawk war, Seminole war, Mexican war, garrison duty.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 4th US Infantry, Lt. Col., commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/V Corps in Seven Days, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - not confirmed by the Senate because of his association with Fitz John Porter, commanded defences at Fort Delaware, Col. of 1st US Infantry.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, commanded Department of Louisiana, retired 1870.
Notes

Name BUCKINGHAM, Catharinus Putnam
Born March 14 1808, Zanesville OH
Died August 30 1888, Chicago IL
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1829, instructor at West Point, resigned US Army 1831, teacher, operated an ironworks.
War Service 1861 various military offices in Ohio, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, special duty with War Dept., resigned commission February 1863.
Post War Career Businessman, wrote mathematical texts.
Notes Carried the despatch which relieved McClellan of his command in November 1862.

Name BUCKLAND, Ralph Pomeroy
Born January 20 1812, Layden MA or Ravenna OH
Died May 27 1892, Fremont OH
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, mayor, politician.
War Service January 1862 Col. of 72nd Ohio, command 4th Bde/5th Divn at Shiloh, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a 1st Bde/3rd Divn/XV Corps in Vicksburg campaign, commanded Dist. of Memphis, resigned January 1865.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career US congressman, lawyer, railroad director.
Notes

Name BUELL, Don Carlos
Born March 23 1818, Lowell OH
Died November 19 1898, Paradise KY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1841, fought Indians in Florida, garrison and frontier duty, Mexican war, staff duties.
War Service May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, organisation and training duty with Army of the Potomac, led the Army of the Ohio into Tennessee, Shiloh, advance on Corinth, March 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, resisted Confederate invasion of Kentucky, Perryville, relieved of command, investigated by a military commission, spent a year awaiting orders, resigned June 1864.
Post War Career President of an ironworks, pension agent.
Notes Regarded as overly cautious.
On the Internet General Don Buell
Further reading
Reid, Richard J The army that Buell built Olaton KY, R.J. Reid, 1994

Name BUFORD, John
Born March 4 1826, Woodford Cty KY
Died December 16 1863, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1848, frontier duty, Utah expedition.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 2nd US Cavalry, duty on Washington defences, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers and commanded reserve cavalry in Army of Virginia, performed well near Thoroughfare Gap, chief of cavalry in Antietam campaign, commanded reserve brigade under Hooker, Stoneman's raid on Richmond, June 1863 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Divn/Cavalry Corps in Gettysburg campaign, held Heth's advance before Gettysburg, died of typhoid fever.
Notes One of the heroes of Gettysburg.
On the Internet Meet General Buford

Name BUFORD, Napoleon Bonaparte
Born January 13 1807, Woodford Cty KY
Died March 28 1883, Chicago IL
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1831, artillery service, resigned US Army 1835, civil engineer, merchant, banker, railroad president.
War Service August 1861 Col. of 27th Illinois, Belmont, Island No 10, Corinth, Vicksburg campaign, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dist. of East Arkansas.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Appointed to some Federal positions.
Notes Half brother to John Buford

Name BURBRIDGE, Stephen Gano
Born August 19 1831, Scott Cty KY
Died December 2 1894, Brooklyn NY
Pre-War Profession Attended Kentucky Military Institute, lawyer, farmer.
War Service August 1861 raised 26th Kentucky - Col., Shiloh, Arkansas Post, Vicksburg campaign, June 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dist. of Kentucky, stalled Morgan's raid into Kentucky, relieved of command January 1865.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. July 4 1864.
Post War Career
Notes He was a harsh administrator, and his family had difficulty living in Kentucky after the War.

Name BURNHAM, Hiram
Born c 1814, Cherryfield ME
Died September 9 1864, nr Chaffin's Bluff VA
Pre-War Profession Lumberman.
War Service July 1861 Lt. Col. of 6th Maine, December 1861 Col., Peninsula campaign, Antietam, Fredericksburg, commanded Light Divn/VI Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, April 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XVIII Corps at Petersburg (k).
Notes

Name BURNS, William Wallace
Born September 3 1825, Coshocton OH
Died April 19 1892, Beaufort SC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1847, recruiting duty, frontier duty, staff duty.
War Service August 1861 Maj. and chief of commissary to McClellan in Western Virginia campaign, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps in Peninsula campaign (w), commanded 1st Divn/IX Corps at Fredericksburg, resigned volunteer commission March 1863, reverted to rank of staff major, chief commissary in the Dept. of the Northwest.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the commissary department, retired 1889.
Notes

Name BURNSIDE, Ambrose Everett
Born May 23 1824, Liberty IN
Died September 13 1881, Bristol RI
Pre-War Profession Tailor, graduated West Point 1847, Mexican war, frontier duty, resigned US Army 1853, businessman, militia officer.
War Service 1861 organised 1st Rhode Island - Col., commanded a brigade at First Bull Run, August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, led expeditions against the North Carolina coast, New Berne, March 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Left Wing at Antietam, ordered to command Army of the Potomac November 1862, Fredericksburg, commanded Dept. of the Ohio, Knoxville, commanded IX corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg, Crater, relieved of command, resigned April 1865.
Post War Career Governor, businessman, US senator.
Notes An unwilling commander of the Army of the Potomac.
On the Internet U. S. Major General Ambrose Everett Burnside
Further reading
Marvel, William Burnside Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1991
Poore, Benjamin Perley The life and public services of Ambrose E. Burnside, soldier, citizen, statesman Providence RI, Reid, 1882

Name BUSSEY, Cyrus
Born October 5 1833, Hubbard OH
Died March 2 1915, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Businessman, politician.
War Service 1861 Lt. Col. commanding militia in southeastern Iowa, September 1861 Col. of 3rd Iowa Cavalry, Pea Ridge, commanded a brigade of cavalry at Arkansas Post, commanded a division of cavalry in Vicksburg campaign, January 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, command various posts in Arkansas.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Commission merchant, politician, assistant secretary of the interior, lawyer.
Notes

Name BUSTEED, Richard
Born February 16 1822, Cavan, Ireland
Died September 14 1898, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Newspaperman, lawyer, politician.
War Service August 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers (never sent to Senate for confirmation), served in occupation forces on Virginia Peninsula, September 1863 appointed to District Court for Alabama.
Post War Career Judge (resigned rather than face impeachment), lawyer.
Notes Due to a mix-up in pension records, many researchers have confused this Richard Busteed with a Capt. Richard Busteed of the Chicago Light Artillery. My thanks to Harriet Busteed of Hertford NC for resolving this matter.

Name BUTLER, Benjamin Franklin "Beast", "Spoons"
Born November 5 1818, Deerfield NH
Died January 11 1893, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer, politician.
War Service April 1861 Brig. Gen. of Massachusetts militia, lifted the blockade of Washington, May 1861 appointed Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Big Bethel, Hatteras Inlet, New Orleans, military governor, removed December 1862, commanded Army of the James 1863, Bermuda Hundred, sent home to await orders, unsuccessful North Carolina expedition.
Post War Career US congressman, governor, presidential candidate.
Notes A controversial political general, notorious for his use of contraband slaves and his disrespect towards the ladies of New Orleans.
On the Internet 117th New York Volunteer Infantry - General Officers: Butler
Further reading
Parton, James General Butler in New Orleans / history of the administration of the Department of the Gulf in the year 1862 Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1892

Name BUTTERFIELD, Daniel
Born October 31 1831, Utica NY
Died July 17 1901, Cold Spring NY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, businessman.
War Service May 1861 Col. in 12th New York, Shenandoah Valley, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/V Corps in Peninsula campaign, Seven Days - Medal of Honor, Second Bull Run, Antietam, commanded V Corps at Fredericksburg, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, chief of staff to Hooker in Army of the Potomac, chief of staff to Meade at Gettysburg (w), Chattanooga, commanded 3rd Divn/XX Corps in Atlanta campaign, became ill before Atlanta, no further service.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, resigned 1870, businessman, unofficial ambassador.
Notes Was associated with novel use of bugle calls, and the composition of "Taps".
On the Internet Daniel Butterfield Biography Page
Further reading
Butterfield, Julia Lorrilard A biographical memorial of General Daniel Butterfield, including many addresses and military writings New York, Grafton Press, 1904


Last updated October 2001