Name GAMBLE, William
Born January 1 1818, Duross, Cty Tyrone, Ireland
Died December 20 1866, Virgin Bay, Nicaragua
Pre-War Profession Civil engineer, 1838 emigrated to US, enlisted in US Army, honorably discharged 1843, civil engineer.
War Service September 1861 Lt. Col. of 8th Illinois Cavalry, December 1862 Col., Peninsula campaign, Malvern Hill (w), Fredericksburg, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/Cavalry Corps at Gettysburg, commanded cavalry in Dept. of Washington, September 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. December 14 1864.
Post War Career Army service in the cavalry, died of cholera en route to California.
Notes
On the Internet Biography of William Gamble

Name GARFIELD, James Abram
Born November 19 1831, Cuyahoga Cty OH
Died September 19 1881, Elberon NJ
Pre-War Profession Farm worker, teacher, lawyer, politician.
War Service August 1861 helped recruit 42nd Ohio - Lt. Col., November 1861 Col., served in Kentucky, January 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 20th Bde/6th Divn at Shiloh, advance on Corinth, chief of staff to Rosecrans, Chickamauga, September 1863 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, elected to Congress.
Post War Career US congressman, US President.
Notes
On the Internet James A. Garfield
Further reading
Hoyt, Edwin P James A. Garfield Chicago, Reilly & Lee, 1964
Thayer, William Makepeace From log-cabin to the White House : life of James A. Garfield : boyhood, youth, manhood, assassination 19??

Name GARRARD, Kenner
Born September 30 1827, Bourbon Cty KY
Died May 15 1879, Cincinnati OH
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1851, cavalry duty.
War Service April 1861 captured in Texas, exchanged August 1862, Col. of 146th New York, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, July 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/V Corps, commanded Cavalry Bureau in Washington, commanded 2nd Cavalry Divn in Army of the Cumberland in Atlanta campaign, commanded 2nd Divn/XVI Corps at Nashville, Mobile.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. December 15 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Real estate businessman.
Notes

Name GARRARD, Theophilus Toulmin
Born June 7 1812, nr Manchester KY
Died March 15 1902, Clay Cty KY
Pre-War Profession Politician, Mexican war.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 7th Kentucky, Wild Cat Mountain, Richmond KY, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Vicksburg campaign, commanded detachments in Kentucky, mustered out April 1864.
Post War Career Farmer, salt works owner.
Notes Cousin of Kenner Garrard.

Name GEARY, John White
Born December 30 1819, Mt Pleasant PA
Died February 8 1873, Harrisburg PA
Pre-War Profession Teacher, store clerk, lawyer, surveyor, Mexican war, organised the postal service in California, mayor, Kansas territorial governor.
War Service June 1861 Col. of 28th Pennsylvania, Harper's Ferry, Bolivar Hts (w), Leesburg, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps at Cedar Mountain, commanded 2nd Divn/XII Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wauhatchie, Chattanooga, commanded 2nd Divn/XX Corps in Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, military governor of Savannah.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. January 12 1865.
Post War Career Pennsylvania state governor.
Notes
On the Internet General John W. Geary, Federal Army
Further reading
Geary, John White A politician goes to war: the Civil War letters of John White Geary University Park PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995

Name GETTY, George Washington
Born October 2 1819, District of Columbia
Died October 1 1901, Forest Glen MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1840, artillery duty, Mexican war, Seminole wars.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 5th US Artillery, Lt. Col., Peninsula campaign, chief of artillery in IX Corps at South Mountain, Antietam, September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Divn/IX Corps at Fredericksburg, Suffolk campaign, commanded 2nd Divn/VI Corps at Wilderness (w), Petersburg, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Appomattox.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, mostly in artillery, retired 1883.
Notes

Name GIBBON, John
Born April 20 1827, Philadelphia PA
Died February 6 1896, Baltimore MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1847, Mexican war, Seminole war, artillery instructor at West Point, author of Artillerist's manual.
War Service 1861 Capt. of 4th US Artillery, chief of artillery to McDowell, May 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Iron Brigade (4th Bde/1st Divn/I Corps) at Second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, commanded 2nd Divn/I Corps at Fredericksburg (w), commanded 2nd Divn/II Corps at Gettysburg (w), commanded draft depots, commanded 2nd Divn/II Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, June 1864 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded XXIV Corps in Army of the James, Appomattox.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the West, author, commander-in-chief of MOLLUS.
Notes A hard fighter. He gave the Iron Brigade their black hats.
On the Internet John Gibbon - Major General, United States Army
Further reading
Gibbon, John Personal recollections of the Civil War Dayton OH, Morningside Bookshop, 1978
Lavery, Dennis S Iron Brigade general: John Gibbon, a rebel in blue Westport CT, Greenwood Press, 1993

Name GIBBS, Alfred
Born April 22 1823, Long Island NY
Died December 26 1868, Fort Leavenworth KS
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1846, Mexican war, aide to Gen. P F Smith, frontier duty.
War Service July 1861 captured in New Mexico, exchanged a year later, September 1862 Col. of 130th New York, regiment was reformed as 19th New York Cavalry, commanded Cavalry Reserve Brigade in Army of the Potomac, Overland campaign, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Creek, October 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Appomattox campaign.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the cavalry.
Notes

Name GILBERT, Charles Champion
Born March 1 1822, Zanesville OH
Died January 17 1903, Baltimore MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1846, Mexican war, instructor at West Point, frontier duty.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 1st US Infantry, Wilson's Creek (w), inspector general in Army of the Ohio, Shiloh, Corinth, Richmond KY, September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - not confirmed by the Senate, commanded II Provisional Corps of Army of the Ohio, Perryville, Maj. in 19th US Infantry, desk duties.
Post War Career Army service on the frontier, retired 1886.
Notes After performing poorly at Perryville, his career faltered.

Name GILBERT, James Isham
Born July 16 1823, Louisville KY
Died February 9 1884, Topeka KS
Pre-War Profession Trader, realtor, livery stable operator.
War Service October 1862 Col. of 27th Iowa, Red River campaign, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/XVI Corps at Nashville, February 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Mobile.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 26 1865.
Post War Career Lumber businessman, mining speculator.
Notes

Name GILLEM, Alvan Cullem
Born July 29 1830, Gainesboro TN
Died December 2 1875, Soldier's Rest TN
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1851, Seminole war, frontier duty.
War Service 1862 quartermaster to Gen. Thomas at Mill Springs, chief quartermaster in Army of the Ohio at Shiloh, May 1862 Col. of 10th Tennessee, adjutant general of Tennessee, August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served in the field and in administrative duties, campaigned in East Tennessee, November 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. April 12 1865.
Post War Career Army service, commanded a military district in Mississippi and Arkansas, Modoc Indian war of 1873.
Notes

Name GILLMORE, Quincy Adams
Born February 28 1825, Lorain Cty OH
Died April 7 1888, Brooklyn NY
Pre-War Profession Teacher, graduated West Point 1849 (1st in class), engineer service, instructor at West Point.
War Service August 1861 chief engineer in Port Royal expedition, devised the scheme to capture Ft Pulaski, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served in Kentucky, July 1863 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept of the South and X Corps, recaptured Ft Sumter, served in Army of the James, defended Washington in Early's raid (injured in a fall from his horse), commanded Dept of the South.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in Corps of Engineers, writer.
Notes His performance in reducing Fts Pulaski and Sumter were greatly admired.

Name GORDON, George Henry
Born July 19 1823, Charlestown MA
Died August 30 1886, Framingham MA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1846, Mexican war, resigned 1854, lawyer.
War Service May 1861 recruited 2nd Massachusetts - Col., Shenandoah Valley campaign, June 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/II Corps at Cedar Mountain, Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, Suffolk campaign, commanded a division in siege of Charleston, served in Arkansas, Florida, Eastern Virginia.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. April 9 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, author, historian.
Notes

Name GORMAN, Willis Arnold
Born January 12 1816, nr Flemingsburg KY
Died May 20 1876, St Paul MN
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician, Mexican war, US congressman, Minnesota territorial governor.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 1st Minnesota, First Bull Run, commanded 1st Bde/Stone's Divn at Ball's Bluff, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/II Corps at Seven Pines, Antietam, commanded Dist of Eastern Arkansas, mustered out May 1864.
Post War Career Lawyer, city attorney.
Notes

Name GRAHAM, Charles Kinnaird
Born June 3 1824, New York NY
Died April 15 1889, Lakewood NJ
Pre-War Profession Served in US Navy, Mexican war, resigned 1848, lawyer, civil engineer.
War Service 1861 enlisted in "Excelsior Brigade", Maj. in 74th New York, Lt. Col., May 1861 Col., Seven Pines, Seven Days, recruiting duty, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/II Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg (w,c), exchanged after two months, commanded gunboats in Army of the James, defences of Bermuda Hundred.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Civil engineer, port surveyor.
Notes He burned the home of the brother of the Confederate Secretary of War in retaliation for Early burning Montgomery Blair's house.

Name GRAHAM, Lawrence Pike
Born January 8 1815, Amelia Cty VA
Died September 12 1905, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession 1837 commissioned into US Army, Seminole wars, Mexican war.
War Service August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a brigade in Army of the Potomac, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/IV Corps at Yorktown, suffered ill health, became chief of cavalry in a camp of instruction, served on courts-martial and boards, Col. of 4th US Cavalry.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service on the frontier, retired 1870, Shakespearian scholar.
Notes

Name GRANGER, Gordon
Born November 6 1822, Joy NY
Died January 10 1876, Santa Fe NM
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1845, Mexican war, frontier duty.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 3rd US Cavalry, Wilson's Creek, September 1861 Col. of 2nd Michigan Cavalry, commanded a brigade at New Madrid, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Island No 10, Corinth, promoted September 1862 Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded the reserve corps at Chickamauga, commanded IV Corps at Chattanooga, Knoxville, commanded XIII Corps in Mobile campaign.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, commanded Districts of Memphis and New Mexico.
Notes

Name GRANGER, Robert Seaman
Born May 24 1816, Zanesville OH
Died April 25 1894, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1838, garrison duty, Seminole war, instructor at West Point, Mexican war.
War Service April 1861 captured in Texas, exchanged a year later, Brig. Gen. of Kentucky volunteers, October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, camp and garrison duties, resisted Wheeler, Forrest and Roddey.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, garrison duty, superintendent of General Recruiting Service, retired 1873.
Notes

Name GRANT, Lewis Addison
Born January 17 1828, Winhall VT
Died March 20 1918, Minneapolis MN
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer.
War Service August 1861 Maj. of 5th Vermont, Lt. Col., Seven Days, September 1862 Col., Fredericksburg (w), commanded the "Old Vermont Brigade" (2nd Bde/2nd Divn/VI Corps) at Chancellorsville - Medal of Honor, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Creek, April 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Petersburg (w).
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. October 19 1864.
Post War Career Assistant US Secretary of War.
Notes

Name GRANT, Ulysses Simpson (Hiram Ulysses)
Born April 27 1822, Point Pleasant OH
Died July 23 1885, Mount McGregor NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1843, Mexican war, garrison duty, resigned 1854, firewood pedlar, store clerk.
War Service 1861 commanded a camp of instruction, June 1861 Col. of 21st Illinois, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Belmont, Fts Henry and Donelson, February 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Army of the Tennessee, Shiloh, Vicksburg campaign, July 1863 promoted Maj. Gen. in Regular Army, Chattanooga campaign, March 1864 Lt. Gen. and general-in-chief, Overland campaign.
Post War Career Army service, US president, businessman, writer.
Notes He was the general that Lincoln had been looking for.
On the Internet Ulysses S. Grant Homepage
Further reading
Anderson, Nancy Scott The generals : Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee New York, Wings Books, 1994
Badeau, Adam Military history of Ulysses S. Grant, from April, 1861 to April, 1865 New York, 1868-1881
Dana, Charles A The life of Ulysses S. Grant : general of the armies of the United States Springfield MA, Gurdon Bill & Co., 1868
Grant, Ulysses S Personal memoirs of U.S. Grant Blue Ridge Summit PA, TabBooks, 1991
Lewis, Lloyd Captain Sam Grant Boston, Little, Brown, 1950

Name GREENE, George Sears
Born May 6 1801, Apponaug RI
Died January 28 1899, Morristown NJ
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1823, artillery duty, instructor at West Point, garrison duty, resigned 1836, civil engineer.
War Service January 1862 Col. of 60th New York, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps at Cedar Mountain, commanded 2nd Divn/XII Corps at Antietam, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/XII Corps at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, Wauhatchie (w), returned to duty 1865.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Civil engineer.
Notes The executive officer of the Monitor in its battle with the Virginia was his son.
Further reading
New York (State) Monuments commission for the battlefields of Gettysburg and Chattanooga In memoriam: George Sears Greene, brevet major-general, United States Volunteers, 1801-1899 Albany NY, State Pr., 1909

Name GREGG, David McMurtrie
Born April 10 1833, Huntington PA
Died August 7 1916, Reading PA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1855, frontier duty.
War Service January 1862 Col. of 8th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Peninsula campaign, Antietam campaign, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a division in Stoneman's raid, commanded 2nd Cavalry Divn at Gettysburg, Overland campaign, resigned February 1865.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864.
Post War Career Farmer, US consul in Prague, writer.
Notes His resignation was probably a result of being passed over for command of the cavalry by Sheridan, compounded by his wife's unhappiness at his long absences.
On the Internet Maj.Gen. David McMurtrie GREGG

Name GRESHAM, Walter Quintin
Born March 17 1832, nr Lanesville IN
Died May 28 1895, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Teacher, clerk, lawyer, politician.
War Service September 1861 Lt. Col. of 38th Indiana, March 1862 Col. of 53rd Indiana, Vicksburg campaign, August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 4th Divn/XVIII Corps in Atlanta campaign (w), the wound ended his career.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, Postmaster General, Secretary of the Treasury, judge, Secretary of State.
Notes
Further reading
Calhoun, Charles W Gilded Age Cato: the life of Walter Q. Gresham Lexington, University Press of Kentucky, 1988

Name GRIERSON, Benjamin Henry
Born July 8 1826, Pittsburgh PA
Died September 1 1911, Omena MI
Pre-War Profession Music teacher, storekeeper.
War Service October 1861 Maj. in 6th Illinois Cavalry, April 1862 Col., served in Tennessee and Mississippi, pursued Van Dorn after the Holly Springs raid, led an eponymous raid through Tennessee and Mississippi, June 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a division and the cavalry in the Army of the Mississippi, Mobile, May 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867.
Post War Career Army service, particularly fighting Indians, commanded the Dept of Arizona and Districts of New Mexico and Indian Territory, retired 1890.
Notes
On the Internet Benjamin H. Grierson
Further reading
Leckie, William H Unlikely warriors : General Benjamin H. Grierson and his family Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1984

Name GRIFFIN, Charles
Born December 18 1825, Granville OH
Died September 15 1867, Galveston TX
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1847, artillery service, Mexican war, instructor at West Point.
War Service April 1861 Capt. in 2nd US Artillery, organised a Regular field battery, First Bull Run, Peninsula campaign, June 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/V Corps, commanded 1st Divn at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, commanded V Corps in Appomattox campaign, April 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, commanded District of Texas, died in yellow fever epidemic.
Notes A fine combat soldier, and somewhat outspoken.

Name GRIFFIN, Simon Goodell
Born August 9 1824, Nelson NH
Died January 14 1902, Keene NH
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer, politician.
War Service June 1861 Capt. in 2nd New Hampshire, First Bull Run, Lt. Col. in 6th New Hampshire, Carolina expedition, April 1862 Col., Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/IX Corps in Vicksburg campaign, commanded Camp Nelson KY, commanded 1st Divn/V Corps at Spotsylvania, May 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Crater, Appomattox.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. April 2 1865.
Post War Career Manufacturer, railroad and land speculator, politician.
Notes

Name GROSE, William
Born December 16 1812, nr Dayton OH
Died July 30 1900, New Castle IN
Pre-War Profession Farm laborer, lawyer, politician, judge.
War Service October 1861 Col. of 36th Indiana, Shiloh, commanded 10th Bde/4th Divn in the Kentucky campaign, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/XXI Corps in Vicksburg campaign, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/IV Corps at Franklin and Nashville.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 13 1865.
Post War Career Internal revenue collector, politician, writer.
Notes

Name GROVER, Cuvier
Born July 29 1828, Bethel ME
Died June 6 1885, Atlantic City NJ
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1850, frontier duty, Utah expedition.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 10th US Infantry, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/III Corps in Peninsula campaign, Groveton, Second Bull Run, commanded 4th Divn/XIX Corps in Dept. of the Gulf, Port Hudson, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek (w), commanded Dist. of Savannah.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. October 19 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service.
Notes


Last updated June 2005