Name MCARTHUR, John
Born November 17 1826, Erskine, Scotland
Died May 15 1906, Chicago IL
Pre-War Profession Boilermaker, established an ironworks, militia officer.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 12th Illinois, commanded 1st Bde/C F Smith's 2nd Divn, Fts Henry and Donelson, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn at Shiloh, commanded a division at Iuka and Corinth, commanded 6th Divn/XVII Corps in Vicksburg campaign, commanded in Vicksburg after the surrender, protected supply lines in Georgia, resisted Sterling Price's raid into Missouri, commanded 1st Divn/XVI Corps at Nashville, served in the Army of the Gulf.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. December 15 1864.
Post War Career Businessman, public works commissioner, postmaster (all positions unsuccessful for various reasons).
Notes

Name MCCALL, George Archibald
Born March 16 1802, Philadelphia PA
Died February 26 1868, nr West Chester PA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1822, Seminole wars, Mexican war, Col. and inspector general, resigned 1853.
War Service May 1861 Maj. Gen. of Pennsylvania Volunteers, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Pennsylvania Reserves division (3rd Divn/V Corps) in Seven Days, Mechanicsville, Glendale (c), exchanged two months later, on sick leave until his resignation March 1863.
Post War Career
Notes

Name MCCLELLAN, George Brinton
Born December 3 1826, Philadelphia PA
Died October 29 1885, Orange NJ
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1846, duty in Engineers, Mexican war, constructed forts and harbors, instructor at West Point, observer in Crimean War, saddle designer, resigned US Army 1857, railroad executive.
War Service April 1861 Maj. Gen. of Ohio volunteers, commanded Dept of the Ohio, Rich Mountain, Corrick's Ford, May 1861 Maj. Gen. in Regular Army, commanded Army of the Potomac, appointed general-in-chief November 1861, Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, his army was given by Lincoln to Pope, returned after Second Bull Run, Antietam campaign, relieved of active duty, unsuccessful Democratic presidential candidate in 1864.
Post War Career Civil engineer, businessman, author, governor of New Jersey.
Notes Organised the Army of the Potomac brilliantly, but was reluctant to use it to fight.
On the Internet George Brinton McClellan Biography
Further reading
Hassler, Warren W General George B. McClellan, shield of the Union Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press, 1957
Myers, William Starr General George Brinton McClellan : a study in personality New York, Appleton-Century, 1934
Sears, Stephen W George B. McClellan : the young Napoleon New York, Ticknor & Fields, 1988
The life, campaigns and public services of General McClellan (George B. McClellan), the hero of western Virginia! Mountain! and Antietam! Philadelphia, T. B. Peterson, 1864

Name MCCLERNAND, John Alexander
Born May 30 1812, nr Hardinsburg KY
Died September 20 1890, Springfield IL
Pre-War Profession Black Hawk war, lawyer, politician, US congressman.
War Service May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Belmont, commanded 1st Divn at Fts Henry and Donelson, March 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Divn/Dist of West Tennessee at Shiloh, Vicksburg campaign, Arkansas Post, commanded XIII Corps at Vicksburg, removed from command by Grant, commanded XII Corps in Red River campaign, resigned November 1864.
Post War Career Politician
Notes

Name MCCOOK, Alexander McDowell
Born April 22 1831, Columbiana Cty OH
Died June 12 1903, Dayton OH
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1852, frontier duty, instructor at West Point.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 1st Ohio, First Bull Run, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Divn at Shiloh, advance on Corinth, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded I Corps at Perryville, commanded XIV Corps at Stone's River, Tullahoma, commanded XX Corps at Chickamauga, did not command again until November 1864.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, commanded cavalry and infantry schools at Ft Leavenworth, retired 1895.
Notes He was partly blamed for the defeat at Chickamauga.

Name MCCOOK, Daniel Jr
Born July 22 1834, Carrollton OH
Died July 17 1864, Steubenville OH
Pre-War Profession Lawyer (partner of Sherman and Thomas Ewing).
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 1st Kansas, Wilson's Creek, July 1862 Col. of 52nd Ohio, commanded a brigade at Perryville, Chickamauga, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/XIV Corps at Chattanooga, Knoxville, Atlanta campaign, Kennesaw Mountain (mw), July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Notes Brother of Alexander and Robert McCook, and cousin of Edward McCook

Name MCCOOK, Edward Moody
Born June 15 1833, Steubenville OH
Died September 9 1909, Chicago IL
Pre-War Profession Settler in Colorado, politician, lawyer.
War Service May 1861 Lt. in US Cavalry, Maj. in 2nd Indiana Cavalry, Lt. Col., April 1862 Col., commanded a 2nd Bde/1st Cavalry Divn at Perryville, commanded a cavalry division at Chickamauga, April 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/Cavalry Corps in Atlanta campaign, commanded 1st Divn in Cavalry Corps in Franklin and Nashville campaign, Wilson's raid, Selma.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career US minister to Hawaii, territorial governor of Colorado, businessman.
Notes

Name MCCOOK, Robert Latimer
Born December 28 1827, New Lisbon OH
Died August 6 1862, nr Winchester TN
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service May 1861 organised 9th Ohio - Col., served in West Virginia, Carnifax Ferry, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/Army of the Ohio at Mill Springs (w), March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, advance on Corinth, mortally wounded in a skirmish in Tennessee.
Notes

Name MCDOWELL, Irvin
Born October 15 1818, Columbus OH
Died May 4 1885, San Francisco CA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1838, instructor at West Point, Mexican war, staff officer.
War Service May 1861 promoted Brig. Gen. of Regular Army, commanded Union forces at First Bull Run, March 1862 appointed Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, defences of Washington, commanded III Corps at Second Bull Run, commanded Dept of the Pacific.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, commanded Depts in the South and West, retired 1882.
Notes
On the Internet Irvin McDowell Biography

Name MCGINNIS, George Francis
Born March 19 1826, Boston MA
Died May 29 1910, Indianapolis IN
Pre-War Profession Mexican war, hat manufacturer.
War Service April 1861 enlisted in 11th Indiana, Lt. Col., September 1861 Col., served in Western Virginia, Ft Donelson, Shiloh, Yazoo Pass, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/12th Divn/XIII Corps in Vicksburg campaign, commanded in Depts of the Gulf and Arkansas.
Post War Career County auditor, postmaster of Indianapolis.
Notes

Name MCINTOSH, John Baillie
Born June 6 1829, Fort Brooke FL
Died June 29 1888, New Brunswick NJ
Pre-War Profession Naval midshipman, businessman.
War Service 1861 2nd Lt. in 2nd US Cavalry, Peninsula campaign, Maryland campaign, November 1862 Col. of 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry, commanded a brigade of cavalry at Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn at Gettysburg, July 1864 Brig. gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/Cavalry Corps at Third Winchester (w).
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, governor of Soldiers' Home in Washington DC, superintendent of Indian affairs, retired 1870.
Notes His brother was Confederate General James McQueen McIntosh.

Name MCKEAN, Thomas Jefferson
Born August 21 1810, Burlington PA
Died April 19 1870, Marion IA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1831, garrison duty, resigned 1834, civil engineer, Florida War, Mexican war.
War Service 1861 paymaster of volunteers, November 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded military districts, commanded 6th Divn in advance on Corinth, commanded the cavalry in Dept of the Gulf in 1864.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Mayor, farmer, politician.
Notes

Name MACKENZIE, Ranald Slidell
Born July 27 1840, Westchester Cty NY
Died January 19 1889, Staten Island NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1862
War Service 1862 Lt of engineers, Second Bull Run, engineer duty in Maryland campaign, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Overland campaign, Col. of 2nd Connecticut Heavy Artillery, Petersburg (w), served in the defences of Washington during Early's raid, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/VI Corps in Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Creek (w), October 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a division of cavalry at Petersburg, Five Forks, Appomattox.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in infantry and cavalry, fought Indians and bandits, retired through disability 1885.
Notes

Name MCKINSTRY, Justus
Born July 6 1814, Columbia Cty NY
Died December 11 1897, St Louis MO
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1838, Mexican war, quartermaster duty (with considerable profit).
War Service September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - expired July 1862, served under Fremont, cashiered January 1863.
Post War Career Stockbroker, land agent.
Notes A thoroughly corrupt quartermaster.

Name MCLEAN, Nathaniel Collins
Born February 2 1815, Warren Cty OH
Died January 4 1905, Long Is NY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 75th Ohio, McDowell WV, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XI Corps at Chancellorsville, Provost Marshal of the Dept of the Ohio, commanded 1st Divn/XXIII Corps in Atlanta campaign, commanded in Kentucky, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/XXIII Corps in Carolinas campaign, resigned April 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, farmer.
Notes

Name MCMILLAN, James Winning
Born April 28 1825, Clark Cty KY
Died March 9 1903, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Mexican war, businessman.
War Service July 1861 Col. of 21st Indiana, New Orleans, Baton Rouge, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a brigade in 1st Divn/XIX Corps in Red River campaign, Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, Monett's Ferry, commanded 1st Divn/XIX Corps in Shenandoah Valley campaign, Third Winchester, Cedar Creek, commanded in West Virginia.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 5 1865.
Post War Career Pension office official.
Notes His division fought very well at Cedar Creek.

Name MCNEIL, John
Born February 4 1813, Halifax, Nova Scotia
Died June 8 1891, St Louis MO
Pre-War Profession Hatter, politician, insurance company president.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 3rd Missouri, June 1862 Col. of 2nd Missouri State Militia Cavalry, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served in Missouri, fought against Sterling Price in his Missouri raid, relieved of command at the battle of Westport by Pleasonton for not attacking when ordered, commanded the Dist. of Central Missouri.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. April 12 1865.
Post War Career County court clerk, county sheriff, commissioner of Centennial Exhibition, inspector if the Indian service, postal official.
Notes

Name MCPHERSON, James Birdseye
Born November 14 1828, nr Clyde OH
Died July 22 1864, nr Atlanta GA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1853 (1st in his class), engineer duty.
War Service August 1861 Lt. in engineers, aide to Halleck, chief engineer to Grant at Fts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, Supt. of railways in East Tennessee, May 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, October 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded XVII Corps in Vicksburg campaign, August 1863 promoted Brig. Gen. in Regular Army, commanded Army of the Tennessee in Atlanta campaign, Atlanta (k).
Notes Rated very highly by Sherman and Grant.
On the Internet James Birdseye McPherson
Further reading
McPherson, Dan General James B. McPherson, fallen star of the Union McPherson KS, McPherson Convention & Visitors Bureau, 1991
Whaley, Elizabeth J Forgotten hero: General James B. McPherson : the biography of a Civil War general New York, Exposition Press, 1955

Name MALTBY, Jasper Adalmorn
Born November 3 1826, Kingsville OH
Died December 12 1867, Vicksburg MS
Pre-War Profession Mexican war, gunsmith, storekeeper.
War Service 1861 enlisted in 45th Illinois, Lt. Col., Fts Henry and Donelson (w), March 1863 Col., Vicksburg campaign, August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, garrison duty around Vicksburg.
Post War Career Merchant, mayor.
Notes

Name MANSFIELD, Joseph King Fenno
Born December 22 1803, New Haven CT
Died September 18 1862, Antietam MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1822, engineer duty, constructed coastal defences, Mexican war, staff duty in inspector-general's department.
War Service May 1861 promoted Brig. Gen. in Regular Army, commanded Washington defences, commanded XII Corps at Antietam (mw), July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.
Notes

Name MANSON, Mahlon Dickerson
Born February 20 1820, Piqua OH
Died February 4 1895, Crawfordsville IN
Pre-War Profession Teacher, Mexican war, politician, druggist.
War Service April 1861 Capt. of 10th Indiana, September 1861 Col., Rich Mountain, commanded a brigade at Fishing Creek KY, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Richmond KY (w,c), exchanged two moths later, opposed Morgan's Ohio raid, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/XXIII Corps in Atlanta campaign, Resaca (w), resigned December 1864.
Post War Career US congressman, state auditor, lieutenant governor, collector of inland revenue.
Notes

Name MARCY, Randolph Barnes
Born April 9 1812, Greenwich MA
Died November 2 1887, West Orange NJ
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1832, frontier duty, Mexican war, Utah expedition, writer, paymaster.
War Service May 1861 Maj. and aide to McClellan, Col. and inspector general, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - not confirmed by the Senate, reappointed September 1862 - expired, performed inspection duties.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service as inspector general, retired 1881.
Notes Father in law of George B McClellan.

Name MARSTON, Gillman
Born August 20 1811, Orford NH
Died July 3 1890, Exeter NH
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer, politician, US congressman.
War Service June 1861 recruited 2nd New Hampshire - Col., First Bull Run, Peninsula campaign, Fredericksburg, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, relieved of duty and located in Washington, commanded Pt Lookout prison camp, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/XVIII Corps at Cold Harbor, served in eastern Virginia.
Post War Career US congressman, lawyer, politician, lawyer, US senator.
Notes

Name MARTINDALE, John Henry
Born March 20 1815, Sandy Hill NY
Died December 13 1881, Nice, France
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1835, resigned US Army 1836, lawyer.
War Service August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/III Corps in Peninsula campaign, Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill, military governor of Washington DC, commanded 2nd Divn/XVIII Corps at Cold Harbor, Bermuda Hundred, Petersburg, September 1864 resigned due to ill health.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, state attorney-general.
Notes

Name MASON, John Sanford
Born August 21 1824, Steubenville OH
Died November 29 1897, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1847, garrison duty.
War Service October 1861 Col. of 4th Ohio, western Virginia, served at Harrison's Landing, Fredericksburg, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, recruiting duty in Ohio, California and Nevada.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service mostly on the frontier, retired 1888.
Notes

Name MATTHIES, Charles (Karl) Leopold
Born May 31 1824, Bromberg, Prussia
Died October 16 1868, Burlington IA
Pre-War Profession Farm worker, served in Prussian army, emigrated to US 1849, businessman.
War Service May 1861 Capt. of 1st Iowa, Lt. Col., Island No 10, May 1862 Col., Corinth, Iuka, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/3rd Divn/XV Corps in Vicksburg campaign, Chattanooga, Missionary Ridge (w), served at the start of Atlanta campaign, assigned to the post at Decatur AL, resigned May 1864 due to ill health.
Post War Career Politician.
Notes

Name MEADE, George Gordon
Born December 31 1815, Cadiz, Spain
Died November 6 1872, Philadelphia PA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1835, Seminole war, ordnance duty, resigned US Army 1836, railroad engineering work, surveyor, rejoined army 1842, survey duty, Mexican war, engineering duty.
War Service August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Washington defences, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/V Corps in Seven Days, Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, Glendale (w), commanded 1st Bde/Pennsylvania Reserves/III Corps at Second Bull Run, commanded 3rd Divn/III Corps at Antietam, Falmouth, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Fredericksburg, commanded V Corps at Chancellorsville, commanded Army of the Potomac from Gettysburg onwards, July 1863 Brig. Gen. in Regular Army, August 1864 Maj. Gen. in regular Army, Bristoe Station, Mine Run, served under Grant as commander of the Army of the Potomac from the Wilderness until Appomattox.
Post War Career Army service, commanded Military Division of the Atlantic and Department of the East, Reconstruction administration.
Notes
On the Internet The General George Gordon Meade Archive
Further reading
Bache, Richard Meade Life of General George Gordon Meade: commander of the Army of the Potomac Philadelphia, H. T. Coates, 1897
Cleaves, Freeman Meade of Gettysburg Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1960
Sauers, Richard Allen A Caspian Sea of ink: the Meade-Sickles controversy Baltimore, Butternut and Blue, 1989

Name MEAGHER, Thomas Francis
Born August 3 1823, Waterford, Ireland
Died July 1 1867, Fort Benton MT
Pre-War Profession Irish independence activist, convict in Tasmania, arrived in US 1852, lawyer, lecturer, political leader for Irish immigrants.
War Service 1861 organised a company in the 69th New York Militia - Maj., First Bull Run, organised the Irish Brigade in New York, February 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/II Corps at Yorktown, Seven Pines, Seven Days, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, resigned May 1863 (not accepted), commanded various positions in the West, commanded a Provisional Division in the Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Territorial secretary for Montana.
Notes He escaped from Tasmania while on a sort of parole from prison.
On the Internet Thomas Francis Meagher
Further reading
Abodaher, David J Rebel on two continents: Thomas Meagher New York, J. Messner, 1970
Lyons, W F Brigadier General Thomas Francis Meagher: his political and military career: with selections from his speeches and writings Glasgow, 1869

Name MEIGS, Montgomery Cunningham
Born May 3 1816, Augusta GA
Died January 2 1892, District of Columbia
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1836, engineering duty.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 11th US Infantry, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers and Quartermaster General.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.A. July 5 1864.
Post War Career Army service, retired 1882.
Notes An effective quartermaster general.
Further reading
Weigley, Russell F Quartermaster general of the Union Army: a biography of M. C. Meigs New York, Columbia University Press, 1959

Name MEREDITH, Solomon
Born May 29 1810, Guildford Cty NC
Died October 2 1875, Cambridge City IN
Pre-War Profession Laborer, sheriff, politician, US marshal.
War Service July 1861 Col. of 19th Indiana, Groveton (w), October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded the Iron Brigade (4th Bde/1st Divn/I Corps) at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg (w), commanded posts in Illinois and Kentucky.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 14 1865.
Post War Career Government surveyor.
Notes John Gibbon believed that he gave more attention to his political career than he should have.
On the Internet Civil War Indiana Biographies - Solomon Meredith

Name MEREDITH, Sullivan Amory
Born July 4 1816, Philadelphia PA
Died December 26 1874, Buffalo NY
Pre-War Profession Merchant seaman, businessman.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 10th Pennsylvania, served in Shenandoah Valley under Patterson, Washington defences, organised 56th Pennsylvania - March 1862 Col., Second Bull Run (w), October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served as an exchange agent for prisoners at Fortress Monroe, performed no significant service from early 1864.
Post War Career Businessman.
Notes

Name MERRITT, Wesley
Born June 16 1834, New York NY
Died December 3 1910, Natural Bridge VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1860, cavalry duty.
War Service February 1862 capt. in 2nd US Cavalry, aide to Gen. Cooke and later Stoneman, commanded reserve brigade in Stoneman's raid at the time of Chancellorsville, June 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Reserve Bde/1st Divn/Cavalry Corps in Gettysburg campaign, served in the Army of the Potomac for the remainder of the war, April 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, second in command to Sheridan in Appomattox campaign, served as a commissioner of the surrender at Appomattox.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. October 19 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, Indian fighter, superintendent of West Point, commanded first Philippine Expedition of 1898, retired 1900.
Notes A modest but successful cavalry leader.
On the Internet Biography of Wesley Merritt
Further reading
Alberts, Don E Brandy station to Manila Bay: a biography of General Wesley Merritt Austin TX, Presidial Press, 1980

Name MILES, Nelson Appleton
Born August 8 1839, Westminster MA
Died May 15 1925, District of Columbia
Pre-War Profession Store clerk.
War Service September 1861 1st Lt. in 22nd Massachusetts, served on Howard's staff in Peninsula campaign, Seven Pines (w), Lt. Col. of 61st New York, Antietam, September 1862 Col., Fredericksburg (w), Chancellorsville (w) - Medal of Honor, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/II Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, May 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Petersburg (w), commanded 1st Divn/II Corps in the Appomattox campaign, October 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867.
Post War Career Army service, Indian fighter, commander in chief of the army, retired 1903, author.
Notes He was the last surviving full-rank Major General from the Civil War.
On the Internet Nelson Appleton Miles, Lieutenant General, United States Army

Name MILLER, John Franklin
Born November 21 1831, South Bend IN
Died March 8 1886, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, county treasurer, politician.
War Service August 1861 Col. of 29th Indiana, Shiloh, Corinth, Kentucky campaign, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn under Thomas at Stone's River (w), commanded a brigade in Tullahoma campaign, Liberty Gap TN (w), January 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded the post at Nashville, commanded a mixed force in the battle of Nashville.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Customs collector, businessman in the fur industry, US senator.
Notes

Name MILLER, Stephen
Born January 7 1816, Carroll PA
Died August 18 1881, Worthington MN
Pre-War Profession Court clerk, flour inspector, newspaper editor, businessman.
War Service April 1861 Lt. Col. of 1st Minnesota, First Bull Run, Ball's Bluff, served in Shenandoah Valley, Seven Pines, Seven Days, August 1862 Col. in 7th Minnesota, fought the Sioux in Minnesota, October 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, resigned January 1864.
Post War Career Governor of Minnesota, railroad employee.
Notes

Name MILROY, Robert Huston
Born June 11 1816, Salem IN
Died March 29 1890, Olympia WA
Pre-War Profession Mexican war, lawyer, judge.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 9th Indiana, served in western Virginia, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Cheat Mountain, Shenandoah Valley campaign, commanded an independent brigade at Second Bull Run, Second Winchester, held no further field command, performed administrative duties at Nashville under Thomas.
Post War Career Trustee for canal company, Indian agent.
Notes

Name MITCHEL, Ormsby MacKnight
Born July 28 1809, Morganfield KY
Died October 30 1862, Beaufort SC
Pre-War Profession Store clerk, Graduated West Point 1829, instructor at West Point, resigned from US Army, college professor, astronomer.
War Service August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept. of the Ohio, directed raids in Alabama, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, had disputes with Buell, sent to command the Dept. of the South, died of yellow fever.
Notes

Name MITCHELL, John Grant
Born November 6 1838, Piqua OH
Died November 7 1894, Columbus OH
Pre-War Profession Law student.
War Service June 1861 enlisted in Ohio reserves, 1st Lt. of 3rd Ohio, served in western Virginia, served in Tennessee and Alabama, Capt., May 1863 Col., commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/Reserve Corps at Chickamauga, commanded 2nd Bde/2 Divn/XIV Corps in Atlanta campaign, Kennesaw Mountain, commanded 2nd bde/Provisional Divn at Nashville, Carolinas campaign, January 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Bentonville.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, city councilman, pension agent.
Notes

Name MITCHELL, Robert Byington
Born April 4 1823, Mansfield OH
Died January 26 1882, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican war, mayor, politician.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 2nd Kansas, Wilson's Creek (w), April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 9th Divn/III Corps at Perryville, served in Nashville, commanded the cavalry under Thomas in Chickamauga campaign, court martial duty, commanded districts in Nebraska and Kansas.
Post War Career Governor of New Mexico Territory (but not a diligent one).
Notes

Name MONTGOMERY, William Reading
Born July 10 1801, Monmouth Cty NJ
Died May 31 1871, Bristol PA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1825, Florida War, Mexican war, dismissed from the service after 1855 because of agitation from pro slavery forces in Kansas where he was stationed.
War Service May 1861 organised 1st New Jersey - Col., May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, administrative duties, April 1864 resigned due to ill health.
Post War Career Wood mouldings dealer.
Notes

Name MORELL, George Webb
Born January 8 1815, Cooperstown NY
Died February 11 1883, Scarborough NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1835 (1st in class), engineer duty, resigned 1837, railroad constructor, lawyer, Mexican war.
War Service 1861 Col. on staff of commander of New York militia, Washington defences, August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Peninsula campaign, commanded 1st Divn/V Corps at Seven Pines, Seven Days, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers - not confirmed, Second Bull Run, Antietam, saw no further field service, December 1864 mustered out.
Post War Career Farmer, lay preacher.
Notes His career suffered as a result of his association with Porter (who commanded his corps).

Name MORGAN, Charles Hale
Born November 6 1834, Manlius NY
Died December 20 1875, Alcatraz Is CA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1857, artillery duty, Utah expedition.
War Service April 1861 1st lt. in 4th US Artillery, served in Washington defences, served in the artillery reserve in Seven Days, commanded artillery in II Corps, Lt. Col. and chief of staff to Hancock, May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. December 2 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in artillery garrisons.
Notes

Name MORGAN, Edward Denison
Born February 8 1811, Washington MA
Died February 14 1883, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Store clerk, city councillor, merchant, financier, politician, Governor of New York.
War Service 1861 raised a large number of troops, September 1861 appointed Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept. of New York, resigned January 1863.
Post War Career US senator, philanthropist.
Notes

Name MORGAN, George Washington
Born September 20 1820, Washington Cty PA
Died July 26 1893, Ft Monroe VA
Pre-War Profession War for Texas Independence, entered West Point 1841 but resigned for academic reasons, lawyer, Mexican war, farmer, US consul at Marseilles, US Minister at Lisbon.
War Service November 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Cumberland Gap, commanded a division at Chickasaw Bluffs, Arkansas Post, resigned 1863.
Post War Career US congressman, lawyer.
Notes Had a falling out with Sherman during the Vicksburg campaign.

Name MORGAN, James Dada
Born August 1 1810, Boston MA
Died September 12 1896, Quincy IL
Pre-War Profession Seaman (suffered a mutiny), merchant, militia officer, Mexican war.
War Service April 1861 Lt. Col. of 10th Illinois, July 1861 Col., Island No 10, Corinth, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served in Alabama, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/XIV Corps in Atlanta campaign, commanded 2nd Divn/XIV Corps in March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 19 1865.
Post War Career Banker, businessman, active in the Society of the Army of the Cumberland.
Notes

Name MORRIS, William Hopkins
Born April 22 1827, New York NY
Died August 26 1900, Long Branch NJ
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1851, garrison and recruiting duty, resigned 1854, worked on his father's publication Home Journal, inventor.
War Service August 1861 Capt. and asst Adjutant General, served on staff of Gen J. Peck, September 1862 Col. of 135th New York - became 6th New York Heavy Artillery, Washington defences, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Bristoe Station, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/VI Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania (w), saw no more field service.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Politician, writer.
Notes

Name MORTON, James St Clair
Born September 24 1829, Philadelphia PA
Died June 17 1864, Petersburg VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1851, civil engineering duty.
War Service June 1862 chief engineer in Army of the Ohio, Stone's River, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, chief engineer of the Army of the Cumberland, Chickamauga (w), worked on fortification of Chattanooga and Nashville, engineering duty in Washington, chief engineer of IX Corps, Petersburg (k).
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. June 17 1864.
Notes

Name MOTT, Gershom
Born April 7 1822, Lamberton NJ
Died November 29 1884, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Store clerk, appointed Lt. in Mexican war, port collector, businessman.
War Service 1861 Lt. Col. of 5th New Jersey, Peninsula campaign, May 1862 Col. of 6th New Jersey, Seven Pines, Seven Days, Second Bull Run (w), September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/III Corps at Chancellorsville (w), Mine Run, commanded 4th Divn/II Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, reverted to brigade command, commanded 3rd Divn/II Corps during the Petersburg campaign, Crater, Appomattox campaign, May 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864.
Post War Career Paymaster for a railroad, commander of New Jersey National Guard.
Notes

Name MOWER, Joseph Anthony
Born August 22 1827, Woodstock VT
Died January 6 1870, New Orleans LA
Pre-War Profession Carpenter, Mexican war, entered US Army 1855.
War Service May 1862 Col. of 11th Missouri, Iuka, Corinth (w,c), escaped and recaptured, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/XV Corps in Vicksburg campaign, Jackson, served in Red River campaign, Ft De Russy, Yellow Bayou, August 1864 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1stDivn/XVII Corps in March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, commanded Dept of Louisiana.
Notes
On the Internet The Handbook of Texas Online: Mower, Joseph Anthony


Last updated August 2001