Name PAINE, Charles Jackson
Born August 26 1833, Boston MA
Died August 12 1916, Weston MA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service October 1861 recruited a company of 22nd Massachusetts - Capt., Washington defences, October 1862 Col. of 2nd Louisiana (a Black regiment), served in Dept of the Gulf, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/XIX Corps at Port Hudson, served on Butler's staff, July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Divn/XVIII Corps at New Market, commanded 1st then 3rd Divn/XXV Corps at Petersburg, commanded a division at Fort Fisher, commanded 3rd Divn/X Corps in North Carolina.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. January 15 1865.
Post War Career Railroad businessman.
Notes Defended the Americas Cup on a number of occasions.

Name PAINE, Eleazar Arthur
Born September 10 1815, Geauga Cty OH
Died December 16 1882, Jersey City NJ
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1839, resigned 1840, lawyer, militia officer.
War Service July 1861 Col. of 9th Illinois, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a brigade at Paducah, commanded 4th Divn/Army of the Mississippi at New Madrid, Island No 10, Ft Pillow, Memphis, commanded 1st Divn/Army of the Mississippi and Dist. of West Kentucky, guarded railroads, resigned April 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer.
Notes Cousin of Gen. H E Paine.

Name PAINE, Halbert Eleazer
Born February 4 1826, Chardon OH
Died April 14 1905, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer.
War Service July 1861 Col. of 4th Wisconsin Cavalry, New Orleans, Baton Rouge, March 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/XIX Corps at Port Hudson (w), served in defences of Washington during Early's raid, commanded Dist. of Illinois, resigned May 1865.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career US congressman, lawyer, commissioner of patents, author.
Notes Introduced typewriters into the Federal bureaucracy.

Name PALMER, Innis Newton
Born March 30 1824, Buffalo NY
Died September 9 1900, Chevy Chase MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1846, Mexican War, frontier duty in the 2nd US Cavalry.
War Service April 1861 Maj. in 2nd US Cavalry, commanded Regular cavalry at First Bull Run, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/3rd Divn/IV Corps in Peninsula campaign, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/IV Corps in Seven Days, recruiting and draft duties, served in North Carolina including the defences of New Berne and commanded the Dept. and Dist. of North Carolina.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, retired 1879.
Notes

Name PALMER, John McCauley
Born September 13 1817, Scott Cty KY
Died September 25 1900, Springfield IL
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, judge, politician.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 14th Illinois, December 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Divn/Army of the Mississippi at New Madrid and Island No 10, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn in the advance on Corinth, commanded 2nd Divn/XIV Corps at Stone's River, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded XIV Corps at Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, requested to be relieved of command in August 1864 over a minor matter, commanded Dept. of Kentucky, resigned 1866.
Post War Career Lawyer, governor, US senator, author.
Notes

Name PARKE, John Grubb
Born September 22 1827, Chester Cty PA
Died December 16 1900, District of Columbia
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1849, engineer duty.
War Service November 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde in Burnside's North Carolina expedition, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, served as Burnside's chief of staff in Maryland campaign and Fredericksburg, commanded IX Corps at Vicksburg and Jackson, Knoxville, chief of staff to Burnside from Wilderness to Petersburg, commanded IX Corps at Hatcher's Run, Ft Stedman, Appomattox campaign.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, surveyor, commandant of West Point, retired 1889.
Notes

Name PARSONS, Lewis Baldwin
Born April 5 1818, Perry NY
Died March 16 1907, Flora IL
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer, railroad executive.
War Service 1861 aide to F P Blair, Capt. and asst quartermaster, in charge of rail and river transportation in the Dept. of the Mississippi, from August 1864 in charge of all river and rail transport for the Union, May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. April 30 1866.
Post War Career Railroad executive, businessman.
Notes

Name PATRICK, Marsena Rudolph
Born March 11 1811, nr Watertown NY
Died July 27 1888, Dayton OH
Pre-War Profession Teacher, graduated West Point 1835, Mexican War, resigned US Army 1850, college president.
War Service May 1861 inspector general of the state of New York, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/I Corps in defences of Washington, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/III Corps at Second Bull Run, Chantilly, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/I Corps at South Mountain, Antietam, provost marshal of the Army of the Potomac and later all armies operating against Richmond, commanded Dist. of Henrico.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Governor of soldiers' home.
Notes
Further reading
Patrick, Marsena Rudolph Inside Lincoln's army: the diary of Marsena Rudolph Patrick, provost marshal general, Army of the Potomac New York, Thomas Yoseloff, c1964

Name PATTERSON, Francis Engle
Born May 7 1821, Philadelphia PA
Died November 22 1862, nr Occoquan VA
Pre-War Profession Mexican War, remained in the Army, resigned 1857, businessman.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 17th Pennsylvania, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps in Peninsula campaign, while at Catlett's Station he is said to have conducted an unauthorised retreated when he believed there were Confederate forces nearby, accidentally shot himself before the matter could be investigated.
Notes He was the son of Robert Patterson, a General of Pennsylvania Volunteers.

Name PAUL, Gabriel Renˆà
Born March 22 1813, St Louis MO
Died May 5 1886, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1834, Seminole war, Mexican War, frontier duty.
War Service April 1861 promoted to Maj. in 8th US Infantry, December 1861 Col. of 4th New Mexico, assisted to repel Sibley's invasion, Lt. Col. of 8th US Infantry, September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - not confirmed, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/I Corps at Fredericksburg, April 1863 reappointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/I Corps at Chancellorsville, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/I Corps at Gettysburg where he was blinded, performed some administrative duties, retired February 1865.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. February 23 1865.
Post War Career
Notes

Name PECK, John James
Born January 4 1821, Manlius NY
Died April 21 1878, Syracuse NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1843, garrison duty, Mexican War, frontier duty, resigned US Army 1853, railroad businessman, banker.
War Service August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a brigade in the defences of Washington, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/IV Corps in Peninsula campaign, commanded 2nd Divn/IV Corps in Seven Days, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, defended Suffolk (w), served in North Carolina, commanded the Canadian frontier in the Dept of the East.
Post War Career President of insurance company.
Notes

Name PENNYPACKER, Galusha
Born June 1 1844, Chester Cty PA
Died October 1 1916, Philadelphia PA
Pre-War Profession Student.
War Service April 1861 enlisted in 9th Pennsylvania, August 1861 recruited 97th Pennsylvania - Capt., Maj., served in Florida, Ft Wagner, Drewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, August 1864 Col., Ft Fisher (w) - Medal of Honor, February 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867.
Post War Career Army service, frontier duty, retired 1883.
Notes There is some evidence that he was born in 1842.
Further reading
Pennsylvania. Pennypacker Memorial Commission The memorial to Brevet Major General Galusha Pennypacker: youngest general of United States army Philadelphia, 1934

Name PENROSE, William Henry
Born March 10 1832, Madison Barracks NY
Died August 29 1903, Salt Lake City UT
Pre-War Profession Civil engineer.
War Service April 1861 commissioned 2nd Lt. in 3rd US Infantry, 1st Lt., Peninsula campaign, Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, April 1863 Col. of 15th New Jersey, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/VI Corps at Cold Harbor and in the Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Creek, Petersburg, Appomattox campaign, June 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. October 19 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. April 9 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the infantry, retired 1896.
Notes

Name PHELPS, John Smith
Born December 22 1814, Simsbury CT
Died November 20 1886, St Louis MO
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, US congressman.
War Service 1861 recruited Phelps' Regiment of Missouri Infantry - October 1861 Lt. Col., December 1861 Col., Pea Ridge, served as military governor of Arkansas, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - not confirmed by the Senate, commission expired.
Post War Career Lawyer, politician, governor of Missouri.
Notes

Name PHELPS, John Wolcott
Born November 13 1813, Guilford VT
Died February 2 1885, Guilford VT
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1836, Seminole war, frontier duty, Mexican War, resigned 1859.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 1st Vermont, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Ship Is. expedition, commanded 1st Bde in New Orleans expedition, recruited Negro troops but resigned in August 1862 when they were put to work instead of given military duty.
Post War Career Writer.
Notes A strong opponent of slavery and the Masonic Order.

Name PIATT, Abram Sanders
Born May 2 1821, Cincinnati OH
Died March 16 1908, Logan Cty OH
Pre-War Profession Farmer, newspaper editor.
War Service April 1861 recruited 13th Ohio - Col., September 1861 Col. of 34th Ohio, served in Western Virginia, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Piatt's Bde/2nd Divn/V Corps at Second Bull Run, served in defences of Washington, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/III Corps at Fredericksburg (w), resigned February 1863.
Post War Career Farmer, politician, poet.
Notes

Name PIERCE, Byron Root
Born September 20 1829, East Bloomfield NY
Died July 10 1924, Grand Rapids MI
Pre-War Profession Woolen miller, dentist.
War Service June 1861 Capt. in 3rd Michigan, First Bull Run, Maj., Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, Lt. Col., Groveton, Chantilly, Jan. 1863 Col., Chancellorsville, Gettysburg (w), Wilderness, Spotsylvania, June 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps at Petersburg, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/II Corps in Appomattox campaign, Sayler's Creek.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. April 6 1865.
Post War Career Postal worker, commandant of a soldiers home, hotelier.
Notes

Name PILE, William Anderson
Born February 11 1829, nr Indianapolis IN
Died July 7 1889, Monrovia CA
Pre-War Profession Minister.
War Service June 1861 Chaplain of 1st Missouri Light Artillery, discharged March 1862, Lt. Col. of 33rd Missouri, December 1862 Col., garrison duty in Arkansas, December 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded at Port Hudson, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn USCT in Mobile campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. April 9 1865.
Post War Career US congressman, territorial governor of New Mexico, minister to Venezuela.
Notes

Name PITCHER, Thomas Gamble
Born October 23 1824, Rockport IN
Died October 21 1895, Fort Bayard NM
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1845, Mexican War, commissary duty.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 8th US Infantry, Cedar Mountain (w), November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, provost marshal duty in Vermont and Indiana.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, superintendent of West Point, governor of a soldiers home, retired 1888.
Notes

Name PLEASONTON, Alfred
Born July 7 1824, District of Columbia
Died February 17 1897, District of Columbia
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1844, Mexican War, frontier duty.
War Service August 1861 Capt. in 2nd US Cavalry, Maj., defences of Washington, Peninsula campaign, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/Cavalry Divn of Army of the Potomac, commanded Cavalry Corps at South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, commanded 1st Divn/Cavalry Corps at Chancellorsville, June 1863 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Cavalry Corps at Brandy Station and in Gettysburg campaign, commanded Dist of Central Missouri and Dist of St Louis during Price's raid.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, resigned 1868.
Notes

Name PLUMMER, Joseph Bennett
Born November 15 1816, Barre MA
Died August 9 1862, nr Corinth MS
Pre-War Profession Teacher, Graduated West Point 1841, garrison duty, frontier duty.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 1st US Infantry, Wilson's Creek (w), September 1861 Col. of 11th Missouri, commanded at Ft Girardeau, October 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 5th Divn/Army of the Mississippi at New Madrid and Island No 10, died of exposure in camp near Corinth.
Notes

Name POE, Orlando Metcalfe
Born March 7 1832, Navarre OH
Died October 2 1895, Detroit MI
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1856, surveying duty.
War Service 1861 1st Lt. on McClellan's staff, organised the defences of Washington, September 1861 Col. of 2nd Michigan, Peninsula campaign, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/III Corps at Second Bull Run, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - not confirmed by the Senate, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/IX Corps at Fredericksburg, chief engineer of the Army of the Ohio, chief engineer of the Military Division of the Mississippi, Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, aide to Sherman, engineering duty.
Notes

Name POPE, John
Born March 16 1822, Louisville KY
Died September 23 1892, Sandusky OH
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, Mexican War, engineering and topographical duty.
War Service May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Districts in Missouri, commanded Army of the Mississippi, captured New Madrid, Island No 10, March 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, advance on Corinth, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. in Regular Army, commanded Army of Virginia at Second Bull Run, commanded Dept. of the Northwest.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, fought Indians, retired 1886.
Notes An unpleasant and unpopular commander, who was not helped at Second Bull Run by McClellan's attitude.
Further reading
Jones, Robert H The Civil War in the Northwest : Nebraska, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and the Dakotas Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1961
Schutz, Wallace J Abandoned by Lincoln : a military biography of General John Pope Urbana, University of Illinois Press, c1990
United States Congress. Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War Report of Major General John Pope Millwood NY, Kraus Reprint Co., 1977

Name PORTER, Andrew
Born July 10 1820, Lancaster PA
Died January 3 1872, Paris, France
Pre-War Profession Attended West Point 1836, Mexican War, frontier duty.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 16th US Infantry, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn at First Bull Run, Provost Marshal General of the Army of the Potomac in Peninsula campaign, relieved of duty, commanded a draft depot in Pennsylvania, Provost Marshal General in Washington, April 1864 mustered out for health reasons.
Post War Career Travelled abroad.
Notes Grandson of Revolutionary General Andrew Porter and second cousin of Mary Todd Lincoln.

Name PORTER, Fitz John
Born August 31 1822, Portsmouth NH
Died May 21 1901, Morristown NJ
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1845, Mexican War, artillery instructor at West Point, Utah Expedition.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 15th US Infantry, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served as chief of staff to Patterson in the Shenandoah, commanded 1st Divn/III Corps in Peninsula campaign, commanded V Corps in Seven Days, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Second Bull Run, Antietam, court martialled for his part in Second Bull Run, dismissed from the Army in January 1863.
Post War Career The court martial was politically inspired by Stanton, to harm McClellan. Porter fought to clear his name, and was exonerated in 1878.
Notes
On the Internet Fitz-John Porter
Further reading
Cowell, William Joyce Speeches: delivered in the Senate of the United States, for the relief of Gen. Fitz John Porter, Dec. 28, 1882, and January 3, 1883. Washington DC, 1882
Report of the board of officers in the case of Fitz-John Porter, late major-general of volunteers {microform} Washington DC, Army and Navy Gazette, 1879

Name POTTER, Edward Elmer
Born June 21 1823, New York NY
Died June 1 1889, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, farmer.
War Service February 1862 Capt. in Commissary Dept, served in Burnside's Carolina expedition, raised 1st North Carolina (Union) Infantry - October 1862 Col., November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded various areas in the Dept of the South.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career
Notes

Name POTTER, Joseph Haydn
Born October 12 1822, Concord NH
Died December 1 1892, Columbus OH
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1843, Mexican War, recruiting and garrison duty, Utah expedition.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 7th US Infantry, captured at St Augustine Pass (July 1861), exchanged after a year, September 1862 Col. of 12th New Hampshire, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville (w,c), exchanged after 5 months, served as Provost Marshal General of Ohio, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/XXIV at Hatcher's Run, served as chief of staff in XXIV Corps at Petersburg, Appomattox campaign, May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service on the frontier, governor of a soldiers home, retired 1886.
Notes

Name POTTER, Robert Brown
Born July 16 1829, Schenectady NY
Died February 19 1887, Newport RI
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service October 1861 Maj. in 51st New York, Lt. Col., Roanoke Is., New Bern (w), September 1862 Col., Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run. Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, March 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Divn/IX Corps in Vicksburg campaign, commanded 2nd Divn/IX Corps at Spotsylvania, North Anna, Petersburg, performed well at the Crater, wounded in the final assault at Petersburg, September 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, mustered out January 1866.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864.
Post War Career Railroad receiver, travelled.
Notes

Name POTTS, Benjamin Franklin
Born January 29 1836, Carroll Cty OH
Died June 17 1887, Helena MT
Pre-War Profession Store clerk, teacher, lawyer.
War Service August 1861 Capt. in 32nd Ohio, served under Fremont in Shenandoah Valley campaign, Lt. Col., December 1862 Col., Vicksburg campaign, commanded 1st Bde/4th Divn/XVII Corps in Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign, January 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, politician, territorial governor of Montana, rancher.
Notes

Name POWELL, William Henry
Born May 10 1825, Pontypool, Wales
Died December 26 1904, Bellville IL
Pre-War Profession Engineer, ironworks manager.
War Service November 1861 Capt. in 2nd West Virginia Cavalry, Maj., Lt. Col., Sinking Creek VA - Medal of Honor, May 1863 Col., Wytheville (w,c), exchanged after 6 months, served in Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley campaign, commanded 2nd Cavalry Divn at Cedar Creek, October 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, resigned January 1865.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Manager of an ironworks, engineer, businessman, collector of internal revenue.
Notes His resignation was for a specific but unknown reason.

Name PRATT, Calvin Edward
Born January 23 1828, Shrewsbury MA
Died August 3 1896, Rochester MA
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer, Justice of the Peace.
War Service August 1861 organised the 31st New York - Col., First Bull Run, Peninsula campaign, Mechanicsville (w), September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/VI Corps at Fredericksburg, resigned April 1863.
Post War Career Lawyer, collector of internal revenue, judge.
Notes

Name PRENTISS, Benjamin Mayberry
Born November 23 1819, Belleville VA
Died February 8 1901, Bethany MO
Pre-War Profession Rope manufacturer, Mexican War, lawyer, militia officer.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 10th Illinois, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded in Northern Missouri, commanded 6th Divn/Army of the Tennessee at Shiloh (c), released after 6 months, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, served on Porter's court martial, commanded Dists in Arkansas, resigned October 1863.
Post War Career Lawyer, pension agent, land office official.
Notes One of the heroes of Shiloh.

Name PRINCE, Henry
Born June 19 1811, Eastport ME
Died August 19 1892, London, England
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1835, Seminole war, frontier duty, Mexican War, staff duty.
War Service April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps at Cedar Mountain (c), released December 1862, commanded 5th Divn/XVIII Corps at New Berne and Kingston, commanded 2nd Divn/III Corps in the pursuit of the ANV after Gettysburg, judged to have performed unsatisfactorily in the Mine Run campaign, commanded garrisons in Illinois, North Carolina and Georgia.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in paymaster's department, retired 1879.
Notes Committed suicide because he was worried about his health following wounds incurred in the Mexican War.


Last updated June 2005